Zeitschrift für allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 239–251 | Cite as

Zur Bewertung der pragmatischen Erklärungsmodelle

  • András Kertész
Aufsätze
  • 35 Downloads

Summary

Though the last decade has seen a growing interest in pragmatic approaches to scientific explanation, the question as to the real nature of these attempts has not been answered as yet. Three possibilities are investigated: 1. the pragmatic turn is a kind of linguistic turn where “pragmatic” refers to linguistic pragmatics; 2. the pragmatic turn is a semiotic turn in that the term “pragmatic“ should be understood in the sense of semiotic pragmatics; 3. the pragmatic turn is in fact a methodological turn and thus does not consist in relativizing explanations to linguistic situations or interpreters, but it manifests itself in applying a well known but in the theory of science unusual way of model-formation.

Assumption (3) is argued for by contrasting two possible senses of the concept “model”. As a result, the dividing line must not be drawn between “pragmatic” and “non-pragmatic” accounts of scientific explanation, but between models which constitute necessary and sufficient conditions for correct explanations, and abstract analogical models which use knowledge about a certain fragment of natural language to infer new information about the structure of explanations. The role of pragmatics in the latter type of models is characterized by referring to recent results concerning the question-answer relationship. Finally, the properties of abstract analogical models seem to suggest that the methodological-pragmatic turn is possibly progressive with respect to the special theory of science.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

LiteraturLiteratur

  1. Achinstein, P. (1983),The Nature of Explanation, New York, Oxford.Google Scholar
  2. Bromberger, S. (1966), „Why-Questions“, in: Colodny, R. (ed.):Mind and Cosmos: Explorations in the Philosophy of Science, Pittsburgh, S. 86–111.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, J. R. (ed.), (1984),Scientific Rationality: The Sociological Turn, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  4. Gärdenfors, P. (1981), „A Pragmatic Approach to Explanations”,Philosophy of Science 47, S. 405–423.Google Scholar
  5. Grewendorf, G. (1983), „What Answers Can Be Given?“ in: Kiefer, F. (ed.):Questions and Answers, Dordrecht, S. 45–84.Google Scholar
  6. Grice, H. P. (1975), „Logic and Conversation“, in: Cole, P./J. L. Morgan (eds.):Syntax and Semantics, Vol. 3., New York, Toronto, London, 45–58.Google Scholar
  7. Groenendijk, J. — Stokhof M. (1984),Studies on the Semantics of Questions and the Pragmatics of Answers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  8. Hansson, B. (1979), „Explanations — Of What?“, Manuskript, Lund.Google Scholar
  9. Kertész, A. (1986), „Grammatical Explanations: Preliminaries to a Pragmatic Model“, erscheint demnächst.Google Scholar
  10. Kiefer, F. (1986), „On the Pragmatics of Questions“, Manuskript, Budapest.Google Scholar
  11. Küttner, M. (1985), „Zur Verteidigung einiger Hempelscher Thesen gegen Kritiken Stegmüller“,Erkenntnis, 22, S. 475–484.Google Scholar
  12. Lenk, H. (1985), „Bemerkungen zur pragmatisch-epistemischen Wende in der wissenschaftstheoretischen Analyse der Ereigniserklärungen“,Erkenntnis, 22, S. 461–473.Google Scholar
  13. Omer, I. A. (1970), „On the D-N Model of Scientific Explanation“,Philosophy of Science, 37, S. 417–433.Google Scholar
  14. Rorty, R. (1982), „Philosophy in America Today“, in: ders.:Consequences of Pragmatism, Brighton, S. 211–230.Google Scholar
  15. Stegmüller, W. (1983),Erklärung — Begründung — Kausalität, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Tuomela, R. (1972), „Deductive Explanation of Scientific Laws“,Journal of Philosophical Logic, 1, S. 369–392.Google Scholar
  17. van Fraassen, B. C. (1980),The Scientific Image, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • András Kertész
    • 1
  1. 1.Deutscher Lehrstuhl des Instituts für westeuropäische SprachenLajos-Kossuth-UniversitätDebrecen 10Ungarn

Personalised recommendations