The Historical Investigation of Science in North America

  • Frederick Gregory


Science Society Historical Investigation Grade Program 
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Dieser Bericht enthält zunächst eine Skizze der Entwicklung der Wissenschaftsgeschichtsschreibung in den USA und Canada. Sodann werden die Aktivitäten der History of Science Society of North America besonders vorgestellt. Schließlich betrachtet der Bericht besonders wichtige Publikationen im einzelnen.

Im Anhang finden sich Übersichten über die jährlichen Versammlungen, eine vergleichende Statistik der Forschungsschwerpunkte der amerikanischen und internationalen Tätigkeit auf den einzelnen Gebieten sowie eine Liste der Forschungsstätten und der „Grading Programs“.


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  1. 1.
    Lakatos may have been responding to Sarton's famous rhetorical question, “In the history of science shall we emphasize the first word or the second?” Cf. George Sarton,The Study of the History of Science (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936), p. 4.Google Scholar
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    Quoted from Campbell'sWhat is Science? by Larry Laudan in “Two Puzzles about Science,”Minerva, 20 (1982), p. 255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Initial suspicions about the nature of science voiced in the 1960s presaged downright distrust in the 1970s. Thackray cites “the public's uneasiness over nuclear power, genetic manipulation, and the role of ‘experts’,” which, in his view, “reflects far deeper, slow-moving causes, such as the somber record of twentieth-century violence and the great scale science itself has assumed.” See Arnold Thackray, “History of Science in the 1980s”,Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 12 (1981), p. 304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    This book is balanced by James Moore'sPost-Darwinian Controversies (1979) in which the specifically polemical nature of the encounter between nineteenth century science and religion is questioned and rejected on historiographical grounds. Moore is an American, but he lives and writes in Great Britain.Google Scholar
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    For a distinction between the old and the new sociology of science, see Laudan,op. cit., pp. 258–61, 266–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    For a friendly criticism of the book by Mendelsohn and Elkana, see the end of my review inArchives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences. 32 (1982), p. 295.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Gregory
    • 1
  1. 1.Program in History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Dept. of History, 4131 GPAUniversity of FloridaGainesville

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