The potential impact of improvements in contraception on fertility and abortion in western countries

  • Charles F. Westoff
  • Charles R. Hammerslough
  • Lois Paul
Articles

Abstract

Survey information on fertility intentions, patterns of contraceptive use, contraceptive failures and abortions is used to develop estimates of unwanted births and of unplanned pregnancies for seven countries, by method of contraception. Potential improvements in contraception, leading to more use of highly efficient methods are considered, and several scenarios for improved contraceptive use are presented. The impact each would have on fertility levels and on abortion rates is estimated. Although improvements in contraception will have only a limited impact on fertility — which is already very low — their impact on abortion could be considerable

Keywords

Western Country Efficient Method Public Finance Potential Improvement Fertility Level 

L'impact potentiel du progrès de la contraception sur la fécondité et l'avortement dans les pays occidentaux

Résumé

Les auteurs utilisent des données d'enquêtes sur les intentions de procréation, le recours à la contraception, les échecs de la contraception et l'avortement pour évaluer les naissances non désirées et les grossesses non planifiées, selon la méthode de contraception utilisée, dans sept pays. Ils envisagent d'éventuels progrès de la contraception conduisant à un élargissement de l'emploi de méthodes très efficaces, et évaluent, dans différents scénarios de progrès du recours à la contraception, son impact sur les niveaux de la fécondité et de l'avortement. Si le progrès de la contraception n'aura qu'un effet limité sur la fécondité — déjà très basse — son impact sur les niveaux de l'avortement pourrait être considérable.

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles F. Westoff
    • 2
  • Charles R. Hammerslough
    • 1
  • Lois Paul
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MichiganUSA
  2. 2.Office of Population ResearchPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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