Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 113–117 | Cite as

Renal arteries: anatomic study for surgical and radiological practice

  • F J B Sampaio
  • M A R F Passos
Original Articles


The renal arterial supply was analyzed in 266 kidneys dissected from 133 fixed adults subjects. The anatomical findings are presented: 1 hilar artery in 53.3% of the cases, 1 hilar artery with 1 superior pole extra-hilar branch in 14.3%, 2 hilar arteries in 7.9%, 3 hilar arteries in 1.9%, superior polar artery in 6.8%, inferior polar artery in 5.3% and other variations in 8.5%. The urological and radiological implications of these findings in kidney transplantation, renovascular hypertension, renal trauma, interventional radiology, conservative surgery and oncologic surgery are discussed.

Key words

Kidney Renal artery Multiple renal arteries Renal transplantation Renal angiography 

Artère rénale: étude anatomique pour la pratique chirurgicale et radiologique


La vascularisation artérielle du rein a été analysée à partlr de 266 dissections provenant de 133 sujets d'anatomie. Les résultats anatomiques sont les suivants: une seule artère hilaire est présente dans 53,3% des cas; une artère hilaire associée à une branche polalre supérieure extrahilaire dans 14,3% des cas; deux artères hilaires dans 7,9% des cas; trois artères hilaires dans 1,9% des cas; une artère polaire supérieure dans 6,8% des cas; une artère polaire inférieure dans 5,3% des cas; enfin d'autres variations dans 8,5% des cas. Sont envisagées les applications urologiques et radiologiques de ces constatations dans la transplantation rénale, la pathologie hypertensive d'origine rénale, la traumatologie rénale, la radiologie interventionnelle, la chirurgie conservatrice et l'oncologie.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • F J B Sampaio
    • 1
  • M A R F Passos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyState University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)Brazil

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