, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 243–253 | Cite as

Human-type ABO, MN, and Lewis blood groups, and Gm and Inv factors in several species of macaques

  • Hachiro Nakajima
  • Toshio Tanaka
  • Hideo Nigi
  • William Prychodko


More than 1,000 blood samples were collected from macaques of speciesM. fuscata, M. cyclopis, M. irus, M. mulatta, M. nemestrina, andM. speciosa, and all or a part of them were tested for human-type ABO, MN, and Lewis blood groups, and Gm and Inv factors. Differences between and/or within species analogous to racial differences in man were markedly noted in the distribution of the ABO and Lewis blood groups. Saliva samples from a small number ofM. fuscata were tested quantitatively for the presence of H and Lewis substances, and it was found that almost all the animals were secretors of H, Lea, and Leb, independently of the Lewis blood groups of their red cells. Red cells of all macaques tested contained M or M-like, but not Nv(V), antigens, and no polymorphism of MN blood groups was present. Selected plasma samples fromM. fuscata, M. cyclopis, M. irus, andM. nemestrina were found to be negative for all Gm(1), Gm(2), Gm(4), and Inv(1) factors tested.


Blood Sample Plasma Sample Blood Group Animal Ecology Racial Difference 
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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hachiro Nakajima
    • 1
  • Toshio Tanaka
    • 2
  • Hideo Nigi
    • 2
  • William Prychodko
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Forensic MedicineTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Japan Monkey CentreInuyama, AichiJapan
  3. 3.Department of BiologyWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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