Proper government of antecedentless VP in English and Spanish
- 95 Downloads
It has been argued that null VP structures in English occur where they are properly governed by INFL. Proper government was shown to be satisfied by INFL where it is lexically headed and it fully θ-marks VP: that is, it both assigns a θ-role to VP and assigns a referential index to VP in the form of identification for a time — a value for the feature [PAST]. This latter requirement, which is not fully met when INFL is [-TENSE], accounts for the restricted distribution of null VP in infinitives. In clauses with auxiliaries, Head-Head Agreement allows the Minimality condition to be observed, and allows a non-sister of INFL (or of perfectivehave) to be θ-governed.
The absence of null VP structures in Spanish follows from the manner of predicative θ-role assignment, which is mediated through head-head coindexing. This claim is supported by the pattern of V0 movement of auxiliaries and by clitic placement options in clauses with auxiliaries. Since INFL does not directly θ-mark VP, the VP dominating an auxiliary is not L-marked, and therefore it remains a barrier to government of a VP2 by INFL. Therefore, null VP constructions cannot occur in Spanish, since neither INFL itself, nor an INFL-V0 chain can properly govern the null VP.
KeywordsArtificial Intelligence Minimality Condition Restricted Distribution Placement Option Proper Government
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Akmajian, Adrian, Susan Steele and Thomas Wasow: 1979, ‘The Category AUX in Universal Grammar’,Linguistic Inquiry 10, 1–64.Google Scholar
- Aoun, Youssef: 1983, ‘Parts of Speech and Inflection: A Cautionary Note’,The Linguistic Review,3, 103–106.Google Scholar
- Borer, Hagit: 1984,Parametric Syntax: Case Studies in Semitic and Romance Languages, Foris, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
- Chomsky, Noam: 1986,Barriers, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
- Fabb, Nigel: 1984,Syntactic Affixation, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.Google Scholar
- Kaisse, Ellen: 1983, ‘The Syntax of Auxiliary Reduction in English’,Language 59, 93–122.Google Scholar
- Lobeck, Anne: 1986,Syntactic Constraints on VP Ellipsis, unpublished Ph.D., dissertation, University of Washington.Google Scholar
- Padilla-Rivera, José: 1985,On the Definition of Binding Domains in Spanish: The Roles of the Binding Theory Module and the Lexicon, unpublished Ph.D., dissertation, Cornell University.Google Scholar
- Picallo, M. Carme: 1984, ‘The Infl Node and the Null Subject Parameter’,Linguistic Inquiry 15, 75–102.Google Scholar
- Rothstein, Susan: 1983,The Syntactic Forms of Predication, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.Google Scholar
- Stowell, Timothy: 1981,Origins of Phrase Structure, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.Google Scholar
- Suñer, Margarita and José Padilla-Rivera: 1984, ‘On the Subjunctive and the Role of the Features of INFL: Evidence from a Null Subject Language’, unpublished manuscript, Cornell University.Google Scholar
- Travis, Lisa: 1984,Parameters and Effects of Word Order Variation, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.Google Scholar
- Zagona, Karen: 1982,Government and Proper Government of Verbal Projections, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington.Google Scholar
- --: forthcoming,Verb Phrase Syntax: A Parametric Study of Spanish and English, in the seriesStudies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Reidel, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
- Zubizarreta, Maria Luisa: 1985, ‘The Relation between Morphophonology and and Morphosyntax: The Case of Romance Causatives’,Linguistic Inquiry 16, 247–289.Google Scholar
- Zwicky, Arnold: 1981, ‘Strandedto and Phonological Phrasing’, unpublished manuscript, Ohio State University.Google Scholar