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Human Ecology

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 3–22 | Cite as

Energetics of Indian cattle in their environment

  • Stewart Odend'hal
Article

Abstract

Cattle and other domestic animals in 5.77 square miles of rural West Bengal were enumerated on three separate occasions during an 18-month period. Feed consumption and productivity measurements involving 80 cattle-day observations were extrapolated to the entire cattle population and an energetic balance sheet was calculated for a 1-year period. The cattle population appears fairly stable despite a high density. The age distribution reveals a demographic imbalance in both the younger and older age groups which contributes toward a more efficient utilization of available feed supplies. One of the major roles of the cattle is to convert items of little human value into products of direct human utility. The gross energetic efficiency of the entire cattle population was approximately 17%. The current management of cattle appears to be appropriate for the ecological framework in which they exist.

Keywords

Environmental Management Domestic Animal Balance Sheet Efficient Utilization Current Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stewart Odend'hal
    • 1
  1. 1.John Hopkins University Center for Medical Research and TrainingBaltimore

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