Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 317–320 | Cite as

The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)

Comparison of the English version and a translated Indian version
  • T. G. Sriram
  • C. R. Chandrashekar
  • M. K. Isaac
  • V. Shanmugham


The English version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and a translated Indian version were administered to a sample of hundred bilingual college students. Both the versions of the GHQ showed adequate internal consistency and reliability. There was a high concordance between the two versions on high scorers and low scorers. These results were also applicable to GHQ-30 and GHQ-42. Item analysis revealed certain differences between the two versions attributable to semantic and technical problems. Validity of the GHQ in the Indian setting are discussed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. G. Sriram
    • 1
  • C. R. Chandrashekar
    • 1
  • M. K. Isaac
    • 1
  • V. Shanmugham
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryNational Institute of Mental Health and NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsNational Institute of Mental Health and NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia

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