Skip to main content

Heavy metal content of moss from Kampinos National Park in Poland

Abstract

The results are presented of studies on the content of Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni and Cd inPleurozium schreberi moss within the spatial system of Kampinos National Park (KPN) adjacent to the Warsaw urban agglomeration. Over a large area (64.3–78.3%) of the Park, mosses contain the following amounts of metals in mg kg−1 dw: 80–120 of Zn, 60–80 of Pb, 10–15 of Cu, 4–8 of Ni and 0.6–0.9 of Cd. All trace metals were found to accumulate in elevated amounts in moss in the south-eastern portion of the Park bordering the urban area, and it is this part of the Park that should be considered as most polluted by heavy metals.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Cameron, A.J. and Nickless, G. 1977. Use of mosses as collectors of airborne heavy metals near smelting complexes.Water Air Soil Pollut.,7, 117–125.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Czamowska, K. 1980. Heavy metals accumulation in soils, plants and some animals from Warsaw area.Roczn. Glebozn.,31, 1, 77–117 (published in Polish).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Goodman, G.T. and Roberts, T.M. 1971. Plant and soils as indicators of metals in the air.Nature,231, 5301:287–292.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Grodzinska, K. 1980. Heavy metals pollution of Polish National Parks.Ochrona Przyrody,43, 9–27 (published in Polish).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Lisicka, I. and Petecka, W. 1974. Metal contamination of atmospheric air in the city of Warsaw.Zdrowie Publ.,85, 10:867–878.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Makomaska, M. 1978. Heavy metals contamination of pinewood in the Niepolomice Forest (Southern Poland),Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Cl.II,26, 10:679–685.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Niskavaara, H. and Äyräs, M. 1991. Sulfur and heavy metals in feather moss in Rovaniemi urban area.Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper,9, 213–222.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Rühling, A. and Tyler, G. 1971. Regional-differences in the deposition of heavy metals over Scandinavia.J. Appl. Ecol.,8, 497–507.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Rühling, A., Rasmussen, L., Pilegaard, K., Mäkinen, A. and Steinness. 1987. Survey of atmospheric heavy metal deposition in the Nordic countries in 1985 — monitored by moss analyses.Nord,21, 44.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Sienkiewicz, J. and Czamowska, K. 1991. Pollution of soils and plants by heavy metals and degradation of pinewood community.Ann. Warsaw Agricult. University. SGGW, Forest and Wood Technology.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Czarnowska, K., Gworek, B. Heavy metal content of moss from Kampinos National Park in Poland. Environ Geochem Health 14, 9–14 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01783620

Download citation

Keywords

  • Heavy Metal
  • Urban Area
  • Geochemistry
  • Agglomeration
  • Trace Metal