Various hematological examinations were performed on a total of 208 Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata). One hundred and fifty-eight of the monkeys were originally from different habitats in the western part of Japan, where they existed as free-ranging animals. The remaining 50 monkeys were kept in an open-enclosure for about one year. Laboratory examinations on blood specimens included the following; the erythrocyte and leukocyte counts, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, the specific gravity of the blood and plasma, protein concentration of the plasma, SGO-T, SGP-T, A/G ratio and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Results were similar to those reported for otherMacaca species. When the data reported here was compared with the known values for man, the Japanese monkey showed lower values for the erythrocyte count, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, and the specific gravity of the blood. Higher values were shown for the leukocyte count and SGO-T activity, with a wider overall range of variation.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Allen, J.R. &L.A. Carstens, 1965. Hematologic alterations observed in newly acquired monkeys during a period of their isolation.Lab. Anim. Care, 15(2): 103–110.
——, 1966. Hematologic alteration in pregnant rhesus monkeys.Lab. Anim. Care, 16(6): 465–471.
Böttiger, L.E. &G. Sterky, 1962. Serum protein and glucoprotein concentrations in newborns and infants.Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest., 14(suppl. 64): 39–44.
Brooks, F.P. et al., 1963. Liver function tests in morphine-addicted and in nonaddicted rhesus monkeys.Gastroenter., 44(3): 287–290.
Cope, F.W. &B.C. Polis, 1959. Increased plasma glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase activity in monkeys due to nonspecific stress effect.J. Aviat. Med., 30: 90–96.
Elkinton, J.R. &T.S. Danowski, 1955.The Body Fluids: Basic Physiology and Practical Therapeutics. The Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore.
Inoue, M. et al., 1964. Peripheral blood of wild Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata fuscata andM. f. yakui).Primates, 5(1–2): 75–112.
King, T.O. &J.L. Gargus, 1964. Normal blood values of the adult femaleMacaca mulatta monkey.Toxic. Appl. Pharma., 6: 351.
Kohanawa, T., 1921. Hematological findings of the Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata Blyth).J. Exp. Med., 5: 29–58.
Krise, G.M., 1960. Hematology of the normal monkey.Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 85: 803–810.
Majumder, D.M. &C.R. Dasgupta, 1944. Haematological studies inSilenus (Macaca) rhesus. Part I. The blood picture of the normal monkey.Indian J. Med. Res., 32: 101–104.
Mann, G.V., P.L. Watson, &L. Adams, 1952. Primate nutrition. I. The cebus monkey —normal values.J. Nutr., 47: 213–224.
Rao, M.V.R. &M.N. Rao, 1940. Normal haematological standards in the monkey (Macacus sinicus).Indian J. Med. Res., 27: 1101–08.
Robinson, F.R., D.B. Gisler, &D.F. Dixon, Jr., 1964. Factors influencing “Normal” SGO-T levels in the rhesus monkey.Lab. Anim. Care, 14(4): 275–282.
Tanaka, T. &H. Nigi, 1967. Clinical examinations of the Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata).Primates, 8(2): 91–106.
About this article
Cite this article
Nigi, H., Tanaka, T. & Noguchi, Y. Hematological analyses of the Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata). Primates 8, 107–120 (1967). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01772155
- Protein Concentration
- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
- Specific Gravity
- Hemoglobin Concentration
- Leukocyte Count