Pastoral Psychology

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 197–207 | Cite as

Toward a task-centered christianity

  • Richard D. Kahoe


The concepts of task-centered (intrinsic) and self-centered (extrinsic) religion have been found useful in a psychological understanding of Christianity. The task-centered dimension is related to a healthy, mature religion, and the self-centered dimension is related to much that has been found to be unhealthy about religion. Theologically the former concept implies a turning to God and His work and away from self. Implications are discussed in terms of the pastor as a model of a task-centered and not a self-centered Christian. In the pastor's role of promoting task-centered religion, special attention is given to worship and to implications for ministering to people's hurts and troubles.


Cross Cultural Psychology Psychological Understanding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference Notes

  1. 1.
    Gordon W. Allport,The Person in Psychology (Boston: Beacon Press, 1968), pp. 218–68.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Richard D. Kahoe, “Personality and Achievement Correlates of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religious Orientations,”Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 29(1974):812–18.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Solomon E. Asch,Social Psychology (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1952, p. 303.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Allport,Person in Psychology, pp. 265–67.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. L. Struening, “Anti-Democratic Attitudes in a Midwest University,” inAnti-Democratic Attitudes in American Schools, ed. H. H. Remmers (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1963), ch. 9.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. W. Adorno et al.,The Authoritarian Personality (New York: Harper & Row, 1950).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kahoe, “Personality and Achievement Correlates,” and Richard D. Kahoe, “Authoritarianism and Religion: Relationships ofF Scale Items to Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religious Orientations,” JSASCatalog of Selected Documents in Psychology 5 (1975):284–85, ms. no. 1020.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kahoe, “Personality and Achievement Correlates”; Andrew D. Thompson, “Open-mindedness and Indiscriminate Antireligious Orientation,”Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13(1974):471-77; and Richard D. Kahoe and Rebecca Fox Dunn, “The Fear of Death and Religious Attitudes and Behavior,”Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 14(1975):379–82.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    James E. Dittes, “Psychology of Religion,” inThe Handbook of Social Psychology, ed.Gardner Lindzey and Elliot Aronson (Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1969), 5:637–38.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Allport,Person in Psychology, p. 244; Kahoe, “Personality and Achievement Correlates”; and Kahoe and Dunn, “Fear of Death.”Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kahoe, “Personality and Achievement Correlates.”Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Herbert Feifel, “Attitudes Toward Death in Some Normal and Mentally Ill Populations,” inThe Meaning of Death, ed. Herbert Feifel (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kahoe and Dunn, “Fear of Death,” and K. G. Magni, “The Fear of Death; Studies in Its Character and Concomitants,” inPsychology and Religion, ed. L. B. Brown (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1973).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Richard D. Kahoe, “A Search for Mental Health,”Journal of Psychology and Theology 3(1975):235–42.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Thomas C. Campbell and Yoshio Fukuyama,The Fragmented Layman (Philadelphia: Pilgrim Press, 1970).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Abraham H. Maslow,Motivation and Personality (New York: Harper & Row, 1954).Toward a Psychology of Being, 2nd ed. (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1968).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Allport,Person in Psychology, p. 243.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ibid., p. 268.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kahoe, “A Search for Mental Health”; Frederick Herzberg and Roy M. Hamlin, “A Motivation-Hygiene Concept of Mental Health,”Mental Hygiene 45 (1961):394–401; and Frederick Herzberg and Roy M. Hamlin, “The Motivation-Hygiene Concept and Psychotherapy,”Mental Hygiene 47(1963):384–97.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard D. Kahoe
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentGeorgetown CollegeGeorgetown

Personalised recommendations