Annals of Hematology

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp S1–S6 | Cite as

Role of protein kinases in antitumor drug resistance

  • H. Grunicke
  • J. Hofmann
  • I. Utz
  • F. überall
First Workshop of CSG-CR


The activity of several proteins involved in the development of antitumor drug resistance is regulated by protein phosphorylation. These proteins include the mdr-1-encoded P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and topoisomerase II (topo II). The corresponding evidence is reviewed and attempts to modulate multidrug resistance (MDR) by protein kinase C inhibitors are described. The expression of several proteins which are essential in drug resistance is regulated at the transcriptional level, involving protein phosphorylation by members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family, casein kinase II (CKII), and others. These proteins include mdr-1-encoded P-glycoprotein, metallothionein, glutathione S-transferase (GST), dTMP synthase, and the proteins Fos and Jun. The corresponding genes are under positive regulation of ras, which in turn requires the activation of a protein kinase cascade for its function. Protein kinases are therefore potentially useful targets in reducing the expression of proteins involved in the development of multifactorial drug resistance caused by the expression of transforming ras-genes. Attempts to inhibit the ras-induced fos expression by an inhibitor of protein kinase C (ilmofosine) are described. Protein kinase inhibitors are also able to synergistically enhance the cytotoxicity of ds-platinum, which is discussed as resulting from a reduction of PKC-dependent fos expression.


Public Health Protein Kinase Glutathione Drug Resistance Kinase Inhibitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Cooperative Study Group — Cellular Resistance


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Grunicke
    • 1
  • J. Hofmann
    • 1
  • I. Utz
    • 1
  • F. überall
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Medizinische Chemie und BiochemieUniversität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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