Klinische Wochenschrift

, Volume 65, Issue 8, pp 380–386 | Cite as

Intralymphatic interleukin-2 treatment of a hemophiliac AIDS patient with defective interleukin-2 production

  • M. Gramatzki
  • G. R. Burmester
  • N. Heyder
  • H. G. Nüßlein
  • W. Rödl
  • W. Grote
  • D. A. Monner
  • P. F. Mühlradt
  • J. R. Kalden


To improve immune functions in an interleukin-2 (IL-2) deficient hemophiliac AIDS patient suffering from severePneumocystis carinii pneumonia, treatment with IL-2 was started in addition to standard antimicrobioal therapy. Highly purified IL-2 was administered subcutaneously and then repeatedly intralymphatically in a manner similar to pedal lymphography. No toxicity was observed. The patient temporarily improved clinically as well as with regard to immunological functions. Particularly the in vitro response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) could partly be restored, and skin tests revealed improved response to recall antigens. These findings indicate that IL-2 can be administered safely and effectively by the intralymphatic route and may — in addition to antibiotics — be of value in AIDS patients with severe opportunistic infections.

Key words

Interleukin-2 Intralymphatic treatment AIDS Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia Immune response 



Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


Concanavalin A


Cultured T cells



K cells

Killer cells

NK cells

Natural killer cells




Peripheral blood mononuclear cells


Pokeweed mitogen






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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gramatzki
    • 1
  • G. R. Burmester
    • 1
  • N. Heyder
    • 2
  • H. G. Nüßlein
    • 1
  • W. Rödl
    • 2
  • W. Grote
    • 3
  • D. A. Monner
    • 3
  • P. F. Mühlradt
    • 3
  • J. R. Kalden
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Klinische ImmunologieUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangen
  2. 2.Medizinische KlinikUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangen
  3. 3.Gesellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung mbH.Braunschweig

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