Heart and Vessels

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 123–132 | Cite as

Induction of thrombolysis and prevention of thrombus formation by local drug delivery with a double-occlusion balloon catheter

  • Takanobu Tomaru
  • Yoshiharu Fujimori
  • Fumitaka Nakamura
  • Naoto Aoki
  • Yoshimitsu Sakamoto
  • Kohichi Kawai
  • Masao Omata
  • Yasumi Uchida


The efficacy of the local delivery of an antithrombotic drug in preventing thrombosis and enabling thrombolysis was investigated in 29 dogs. An antithrombotic drug (heparin, 25U/kg), or an antithrombin (argatroban, 0.05 mg/kg) was infused into injured canine iliac arteries, using a double-occlusion balloon catheter, and the preventive effect of the drug was evaluated. Local delivery of low-dose tissuetype plasminogen activator (t-PA; Tisokinase, 50 000 U; Kowa, Nagoya and Asahi Chemical Industries, Fuji, Japan) into thrombosed canine iliac arteries, using the same catheter, or intravenous infusion of low-dose or high-dose t-PA (30 000U/kg), was also performed. Angiographically, stenotic thrombosis was 2% by local delivery of argatroban and 7% by local delivery of heparin (P < 0.01 vs each control; 47% and 51% respectively). Thrombotic stenosis, as observed by angiography, decreased from 91% to 9% after local delivery of t-PA, and from 94% to 52% in controls. Local delivery of t-PA effectively reduced the thrombus size (P < 0.01 vs control). After systemic intravenous delivery of low-dose t-PA, no reduction of residual thrombotic stenosis, was observed. Reduction of residual thrombotic stenosis after intravenous delivery of high-dose t-PA, was similar to that achieved by local delivery of the drug. Angioscopy demonstrated a similar trend. High-dose drug delivery reduced systemic coagulability. Local delivery of an antithrombotic drug, using a double-occlusion balloon catheter, effectively prevented thrombus formation, and local delivery of t-PA induced thrombolysis without exerting a significant influence on coagulability.

Key words

Tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA) Thrombolysis Double occlusion balloon catheter Local delivery 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takanobu Tomaru
    • 1
  • Yoshiharu Fujimori
    • 1
  • Fumitaka Nakamura
    • 1
  • Naoto Aoki
    • 2
  • Yoshimitsu Sakamoto
    • 2
  • Kohichi Kawai
    • 1
  • Masao Omata
    • 1
  • Yasumi Uchida
    • 1
  1. 1.Second Department of Internal MedicineFaculty of Medicine, University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public HealthDivision of PathologyTokyoJapan

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