Glucoamylase production byAspergillus awamori on rice flour medium and partial characterization of the enzyme

  • Fatima Pestana
  • F. J. Castillo
Research Papers


Aspergillus awamori ATCC 22342 was selected from 12 strainsof Aspergillus spp.and Rhizopus spp. as the best producer of amylase. Optimal growth conditions for the enzyme production in shake flasks were provided by: a medium containing 60 g/1 rice flour, 0.075% (w/v) NaNO2 and 0.075% (v/v) corn-steep liquor, a temperature of 30° C and initial pH value of 6.5. The enzyme was characterized as a glucoamylase with a molecular weight of 49,000. Maximum enzyme activity occurred at 45 C and pH 5.8. The enzyme was stable at 40° C and lost 70 and 90% of activity when heated for 30 min at 50 and 60°C, respectively. Thermal inactivation was slowed in the presence of starch. Michaelis-Menten constants for soluble starch and dextrin were estimated as 12.5 and 33.3 mg/ml, respectively. This enzyme may be used for the production of glucose-rich syrups from rice starch.


Starch Aspergillus NaNO2 Como Dextrin 
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Production de glucoamylase par Aspergillus awamori cultivé sur milieu à la farine de riz et caractérisation partielle de l'enzyme


Aspergillus awamori ATCC 22342 a été sélectionné parmi 12 souches d'Aspergillus spp. et deRhizopus spp. comme étant le meilleur producteur d'amylase. Les conditions optimales de croissance pour la production d'enzyme en fioles agitées sont: un milieu contenant 60 g/1 de farine de riz, 0.075% (w/v) de NaNO2 et 0.075% (v/v) de liqueur de corn steep, une température de 30° C et un pH initial de 6.5. L'enzyme a été caractérisé comme étant une glucoamylase de poids moléculaire 49,000. L'activité maximum de l'enzyme se situe à 45°C et pH 5.8. L'enzyme est stable à 40°C et perd 70 et 90% de son activité par chauffage pendant 30 min à 50 et à 60°C, respectivement. L'inactivation thermique est ralentie en présence d'amidon. Les constantes de Michaelis-Menten pour l'amidon soluble et pour la dextrine ont été éstimées, respectivement, à 12.5 et 33.3 mg/ml. Cet enzyme peut être utilisé pour la production de sirops riches en glucose à partir d'amidon de riz.

Producción de glucoamilasa por Aspergillus awamori en harina de arroz y caracterización parcial del enzima


Aspergillus awamori ATCC 22342 se seleccionó entre 12 cepas deAspergillus spp. y deRhizopus spp. como el mejor productor de amilasa. La condiciones óptimas de crecimiento para la producción del enzima en frascos de agitación fueron las siguientes: un medio con la composicion siguiente: 60 g/1 de harina de arroz, 0.075% (m/v) NaNO2 y 0.075% (v/v) de extracto de maíz (corn steep liquor); una temperatura de 30°C y un pH inicial de 6.5. El enzima fue caracterizado como una glucoamilasa de peso molecular 49,000. La máxima actividad enzimática se obtuvo a 45°C con un pH de 5.8. El enzima era estable a 40 C pero perdió un 70 y un 90% de su actividad cuando se calentó durante 30 min a 50 y 60° C respectivamente. La inactivación térmica fue más lenta en presencia de almidón. Las constantes de Michaelis-Menten para almidón soluble y para dextrina se estimaron como 12.5 y 33.3 mg/ml respectivamente. Este enzima puede utilizarse para la producción de jarabes ricos en glucosa a partir de almidón de arroz.


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Copyright information

© Oxford University Press 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatima Pestana
    • 1
  • F. J. Castillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Fermentacion, Centro de Microbiologia y Biologia CellularInstituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC)CaracasVenezuela

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