Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 403–408 | Cite as

The development and purification of a bispecific antibody for lymphokine-activated killer cell targeting against the rat colon carcinoma CC531

  • Peter J. K. Kuppen
  • Alexander M. M. Eggermont
  • Katinka M. Smits
  • Jaap D. H. van Eendenburg
  • Sylvia P. G. Lazeroms
  • Cornelis J. H. van de Velde
  • Gert Jan Fleuren
Original articles


In vivo targeting of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells to tumour deposits by bispecific monoclonal antibodies (bimAb) may be a way to improve adoptive immunotherapy. We developed a bimAb against adherent LAK (ALAK) cells and colon tumour CC531 in Wag rats. The bimAb was produced by somatic hybridization of two mouse hybridomas, one producing monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against CD8 (IgG2b, OX8), and the other producing mAb against a CC531-associated antigen (IgG1, CC52). A bimAb-producing clone was selected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with CC531 tumour cells. BimAb were purified from ascitic fluid by protein A affinity chromatography. Each of five pooled peak fractions was analysed by flow cytometry for the presence of bimAb. Most bimAb were found in a fraction that was eluted at pH 4.5 from protein A. FPLC analysis of this fraction revealed that no parental antibodies were present. The OX8 × CC52 bimAb greatly increased conjugate formation in vitro between ALAK cells and CC531. Results of51Cr-release assays with CC531 as target cells and ALAK cells as effector cells were not significantly different in the presence or in the absence of the bimAb. The methods we used here, a cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, are simple methods for development and purification of a bimAb when a functional selection method is not a priori available. The OX8 × CC52 bimAb we developed this way may increase in vivo tumour targeting of ALAK cells and thus augment antitumour effect in vivo.

Key words

Bispecific monoclonal antibody Lymphokine-activated killer cell Rat CD8 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. K. Kuppen
    • 1
  • Alexander M. M. Eggermont
    • 2
  • Katinka M. Smits
    • 1
  • Jaap D. H. van Eendenburg
    • 1
  • Sylvia P. G. Lazeroms
    • 1
  • Cornelis J. H. van de Velde
    • 3
  • Gert Jan Fleuren
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryRotterdam Cancer InstituteRotterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands

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