Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 55–61 | Cite as

The in vitro development of cytotoxicity in response to granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor or interferon γ in the peripheral blood monocytes of patients with solid tumors: Modulation by arachidonic acid metabolic inhibitors

  • Donald P. Braun
  • Kalliopi P. Siziopikou
  • Larry C Casey
  • Jules E. Harris
Original articles

Summary

The capacity of granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interferon γ (IFN γ) to elicit monocyte cytotoxicity in vitro in the peripheral blood monocytes of patients with solid tumors was investigated. The cytotoxicity elicited by IFN γ was significantly reduced in cancer patient monocytes compared to normal monocytes. The cytotoxicity elicited by GM-CSF, however, was comparable between cancer patient monocytes and normal monocytes, but was lower than that induced by IFN γ. Indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, significantly augmented IFN γ-elicited cytotoxicity in cancer patient monocytes, but not in normal monocytes. In contrast, indomethacin augmented GM-CSF-elicited cytotoxicity in both cancer patient monocytes and normal monocytes. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), a lipoxygenase inhibitor, was found to suppress cytotoxicity in response to IFN γ and GM-CSF in both cancer patient monocytes and normal monocytes. The addition of leukotrienes to NDGA-treated cultures restored the development of cytotoxicity. Thus there are differences in the in vitro response of cancer patient monocytes and normal monocytes to distinct biological activators. Furthermore, these responses can be manipulated by agents that modulate arachidonic acid metabolism.

Keywords

Cancer Patient Cancer Research Biological Activator Interferon Solid Tumor 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald P. Braun
    • 1
    • 3
  • Kalliopi P. Siziopikou
    • 1
    • 3
  • Larry C Casey
    • 2
  • Jules E. Harris
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Section of Medical OncologyRush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Section of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal MedicineRush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Immunology/MicrobiologyRush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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