Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 259, Issue 3, pp 603–606 | Cite as

In-vitro formation of a collagenous matrix upon previously diseased and experimentally treated cemental root surfaces

  • Aaron B. Bernstein
  • Elisabeth Preisig
  • Hubert E. Schroeder


A diseased and mechanically treated surface of root cementum is known, clinically, to favor periodontal regeneration. The present investigation was undertaken to test whether previously diseased and experimentally treated root surfaces can support the in-vitro formation of a new collagenous matrix. Three teeth extracted for advanced periodontitis were treated first with 5% sodium hypochlorite for 2 h to remove all organic material from the root surface. After the healthy, apical one third of the root was cut off, the roots were scaled with moderate pressure to remove visible calculus. Non-demineralized root discs were cut and placed on a co-culture of periodontal ligament- and alveolar bone-derived cells. After 7 weeks in culture, either one of two matrix types was found along the root surface. The most frequent matrix consisted of clusters of cells layered within densely aggregated collagen fibrils. The other, less frequent matrix consisted of loosely arranged collagen fibrils adjacent to the cemental surface. The findings support the notion that, in vitro, a collagenous matrix is formed in contact to diseased and experimentally treated root surfaces. However, the smooth, non-demineralized and scaled cemental surface does not appear to be a suitable substrate for interdigitation with newly produced collagen fibrils.

Key words

Periodontal ligament cells Alveolar bone cells Cementum Cell culture Human 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron B. Bernstein
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Preisig
    • 1
  • Hubert E. Schroeder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral Structural Biology, Dental InstituteUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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