The direct effects of diethylstilboestrol and nifedipine on the contractile responses of isolated human and rat detrusor muscles
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We have studied the direct effect of 2 µmol·l−1 diethylstilboestrol on isolated rat and human detrusor muscles. Diethylstilboestrol significantly reduced the amplitude of the contractile response of rat detrusor muscle to stimulation with acetylcholine, carbachol, electrical field stimulation, and 5-hydroxytryptamine. In isolated human bladder it also significantly reduced contractions stimulated with acetylcholine, carbachol, and electrical field stimulation. In depolarized rat detrusor muscle stimulated with different concentrations of calcium ions, the contractile responses were significantly reduced by the addition of diethylstilboestrol. Diethylstilboestrol also significantly reduced the amplitude of contractile response to potassium chloride. The inhibitory action of diethylstilboestrol was enhanced by the reduction of extracellular calcium ions, the maximum contractile response to acetylcholine, carbachol, and electrical field stimulation being reduced by a further 32%, 23%, and 45% respectively. Diethylstilboestrol did not have a significant effect on carbachol-induced contractions in depolarized rat detrusor muscle suspended in a calcium-free environment. Diethylstilboestrol was effective in blocking rat and human detrusor muscle contraction. The likely mechanism is a reduction of the influx of calcium ions into the cell during contraction rather than an effect on intracellular calcium release. These results give support for treating incontinent patients with drugs that block calcium ion uptake, and may suggest a further beneficial effect of oestrogen therapy in postmenopausal women.
Key wordsOestrogen Nifedipine Muscle contraction bladder acetylcholine carbachol 5-hydroxytryptamine
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