Effects of nicotine and its major metabolites on blood pressure in anaesthetized rats
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Blood pressure and heart rate in anaesthetized rats has been determined after i.v. injection of increasing doses of nicotine (NI) and its major metabolites, i.e. continine (CO), nornicotine (NOR), metanicotine (MN) and dihydrometanicotine (DMN). NI and MN elicited similar dose response curves, increasing blood pressure according to the dose injected. However, the dose response curve of MN was shifted to the right. Furthermore DMN caused similar pressor effects than MN and the pressor effects of NOR was even weaker. Only after injection of CO was a dose-dependent depressor effect observed and this was reversed after very high doses. CO also reduced heart rate in a dose-dependent manner, whereas NI and its other metabolites did not significantly change heart rate.
Key wordsNicotine and metabolites Dose-response curves Blood pressure Heart rate Anaesthetized rats
standard error of the mean
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