Primates

, Volume 14, Issue 2–3, pp 201–213 | Cite as

Reproductive parameters of the Taiwan monkey (Macaca cyclopis)

  • Ming-Tsung Peng
  • Yih-Loong Lai
  • Czau-Siung Yang
  • Her-Shyang Chiang
  • Albert E. New
  • Chieh-Pao Chang
Article

Abstract

The following parameters of the Taiwan monkey,Macaca cyclopis, are presented and compared with other species ofMacaca: the menstrual cycle, sexual skin and vaginal desquamation changes during the menstrual cycle, time of ovulation, gestation period, breeding season, body weight of the newborn, age and body weight at menarche, body weight at first conception, spermatozoa count in the ejaculate, and the body weight at sexual maturity of the male.

The many similarities in reproductive biology ofMacaca cyclopis, the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta), and the cynomolgus monkey (Macaca irus) include sexual skin and vaginal desquamation changes during the menstrual cycle, time of ovulation, gestation period, and placental sign. Body weight ofM. cyclopis is lower thanM. mulatta at birth, at menarche and at the first conception in females and at sexual maturation in males, is heavier thanM. irus at birth and is not different fromM. radiata at birth. No difference in menstrual cycle ofM. cyclopis was observed in animals housed in air-conditioned rooms compared to those housed in nonair-conditioned rooms. Summer amenorrhea was not observed inM. cyclopis but a high incidence of low vaginal desquamation was noted to occur in summer months. The mode of length of the menstrual cycle ofM. cyclopis is shorter thanM. mulatta and other species ofMacaca. The breeding season ofM. cyclopis in the wild extends from the end of September to January. In laboratory conditions their fertile period extends throughout the year.

Keywords

Body Weight Laboratory Condition Menstrual Cycle Breeding Season Rhesus Monkey 

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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming-Tsung Peng
    • 1
  • Yih-Loong Lai
    • 1
  • Czau-Siung Yang
    • 2
  • Her-Shyang Chiang
    • 3
  • Albert E. New
    • 3
  • Chieh-Pao Chang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Physiology, College of MedicineNational Taiwan UniversityRepublic of China
  2. 2.Department of Bacteriology, College of MedicineNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiRepublic of China
  3. 3.Veterinary Medicine DepartmentU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit NO. 2TaipeiRepublic of China

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