, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 256–257 | Cite as

Ideal age for measles vaccination with persisting maternal antibody, human immunodeficiency virus infection and protein-calorie malnutrition

  • S. C. Arya
Letter To The Editor


Public Health Internal Medicine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infectious Disease Virus Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Albrecht, P., Enis, F. A., Saltzman, E. J., Krugman, S. Persistence of maternal antibody in infants beyond 12 months: mechanisms of measles vaccine failure. J. Pediatrics 91 (1977) 715–718.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jenks, P. J., Caul, E. O., Roome, A. P. C. H. Maternally derived measles immunity in children of naturally infected and vaccinated mothers. Epidemiol. Infect. 101 (1988) 473–476.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pannuti, C. S., Moraes, J. C., Souza, V. A. U. F., Camargo, M. C. C., Hidalgo, N. T. R., Brito, G. S., Almeida, M. M., Vielela, M. F. G., Paula, M. C. M. G., Cristiano, E. L. V. C., Stefano, I. A., Sato; H. K. Measles antibody prevalence after mass immunization in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Bull. WHO 69 (1991) 557–560.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Halsey, N. A., Boulous, R., Mode, F., Andre, J., Bowman, L., Yaeger, R. G., Toureau, S., Rhode, J., Boulous, C. Response to measles vaccine in Haitian infants 6 to 12 months old: influence of maternal antibodies, malnutrition and concurrent illness. N. Engl. J. Med. 313 (1985) 544–549.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kambarami, R. A., Nathoo, K. J., Nkrumah, F. K., Pierie, D. J. Measles epidemic in Harare, Zimbabwe, despite high measles immunization coverage rate. Bull. WHO 69 (1991) 213–219.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Embree, J. E., Datta, P., Stackliw, W., Sekla, L., Braddick, M., Kreiss, J. K., Pamba, H., Wamda, I., Ndinya-Achola, J. O., Law, B. J., Piot, P., Holmes, K. K., Plummer, F. A. Increased risk of early measles in infants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-seropositive mothers. J. Infect. Dis. 165 (1992) 262–267.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dabis, F., Waldman, R. J., Mann, G. F., Commenges, D., Madzou, G., Jones, T. S. Loss of materal measles antibody during infancy in an African city. Int. J. Epidemiol. 18 (1989) 264–268.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Black, F. L., Berman, L. L., Borgoño, J. M., Capper, R. A., Carvalho, A. A., Collins, C., Glover, O., Hijazi, Z., Jacobson, D. L., Lee, Y-L., Libel, M., Linhares, A. C., Mendizabal-Morris, C. A., Simões, E., Siqueira-Campos, E., Stevenson, J., Vecchi, N. Geographic variation in infant loss of maternal measles antibody and in prevalence of rubella antibody. Am. J. Epidemiol. 124 (1986) 442–452.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Puri, S., Chandra, R. K. Nutritional status of host resistance and predictive value of immunological tests in assessment of outcome. Pediatr. Clin. North Am. 32 (1985) 499–516.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Whittle, H., Hanlon, P., O'Neill, K., Hanlon, L., Marsh, V., Jupp, E., Aaby, P. Trial of high-dose Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine in the Gambia: antibody response and side-effects. Lancet ii (1988) 811–814.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Garenne, M., Leroy, O., Beau, J.-P., Sene, I. Child mortality after high-dose measles vaccines: prospective study in Senegal. Lancet 338 (1991) 903–907.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Holt, E. A., Boulos, R., Halsey, N. A., Boulos, L-M., Boulos, C. Childhood survival in Haiti (West Indies): prospective effect of measles vaccination. Pediatrics 85 (1990) 188–194.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kalter, S. S., Heberling, R. L., Barry, J. D. Detection and titration of measles virus antibody by haemagglutination inhibition and dot immunobinding. J. Clin. Microbiol. 29 (1991) 202–204.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Centers for Disease Control Measles-United States, 1987. MMWR 37 (1988) 527–531.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Onoja, A. L., Adu, F. D., Tomori, O. Evaluation of measles vaccination programme conducted in two separate health centres. Vaccine 10 (1992) 49–52.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rasmussen, C. M., Thomas, C. W., Mulrooney, R. A. Inadequate poliovirus immunity levels in immunized Illinois children. Am. J. Dis. Child. 126 (1973) 465–469.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MMV Medizin Verlag GmbH München 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. C. Arya
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Logistical Research and Innovation. M-122 (of part 2), Greater Kailash-IINew Delhi-1India

Personalised recommendations