Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 415–419 | Cite as

Management of intra-abdominal organ injury following blunt abdominal trauma in children

  • D. Rossi
  • J. de Ville de Goyet
  • S. Clément de Cléty
  • F. Wese
  • F. Veyckemans
  • P. Clapuyt
  • D. Moulin
Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the strategy of a combined diagnostic and therapeutic approach in children with intra-abdominal organ injury following blunt abdominal trauma.

Design

Retrospective clinical study.

Setting

Pediatric intensive care unit of an university hospital.

Patients

38 children with documented intra-abdominal injury.

Intervention

Initial non-surgical treatment by a team of pediatric intensivists, radiologists and surgeons.

Measurements and results

Physical examination, oriented blood and urine tests, plain abdominal film, abdominal ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) with contrast. US documented intra-abdominal fluid in 30 and initial organ lesion in 14 out of 31 patients evaluated. Abdominal CT demonstrated the precise organ lesion in 34 out of 36 patients examined with solid organ lesion. Early laparotomy was needed in 7 because of severe shock, pneumoperitoneum and ruptured diaphragm, and delayed surgery in 6 patients. All 38 patients regained a normal life.

Conclusions

The stepped diagnostic approach combined with initial non-surgical treatment by a team provided accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Abdominal US, by demonstrating free intra-abdominal fluid is very sensitive to detect patients with intra-abdominal organ injury, CT scan with contrast is needed to give precise information of specific organ lesions.

Key words

Abdominal trauma Children Ultrasound CT scan Laparotomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Rossi
    • 1
  • J. de Ville de Goyet
    • 2
  • S. Clément de Cléty
    • 1
  • F. Wese
    • 2
  • F. Veyckemans
    • 3
  • P. Clapuyt
    • 4
  • D. Moulin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Intensive CareSaint-Luc University Hospital, University of Louvain Medical SchoolBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgerySaint-Luc University Hospital, University of Louvain Medical SchoolBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologySaint-Luc University Hospital, University of Louvain Medical SchoolBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Pediatric RadiologySaint-Luc University Hospital, University of Louvain Medical SchoolBrusselsBelgium

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