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European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 381–385 | Cite as

Blood lead levels in shopkeepers and car traffic pollution in Liguria, Italy

  • P. Orlando
  • F. Perdelli
  • M. L. Cristina
  • C. Oberto
  • D. Viglione
  • S. Palmieri
  • A. Vari
  • F. di Bello
Article

Abstract

A study was conducted into the exposure to atmospheric pollution caused by car traffic by measuring blood lead (PbB) levels in a sample of 657 adult individuals (shopkeepers) all living in Liguria. The mean level of blood lead in all examined individuals was 9.39 µg dl−1 (0.45 µmol per liter; C.I. 95%: 9.06–9.75 µg dl−1; 0.44–0.47 µmol per liter) with a range between 2.0 and 46.03 µg dl−1 (0.10–2.22 µmol per liter). The average Pb values in individuals working in streets with high and very high traffic was 8.30 µg dl−1 (0.40 µmol per liter; C.I. 95%: 7.41–9.31 µg dl−1; 0.36–0.45 µmol per liter) and 9.98 µg dl−1 (0.48 µmol per liter; C.I. 95%: 9.62–10.37 µg dl01; 0.46–0.50 µmol per liter), respectively. These average blood lead levels were statistically greater than the average PbB values of those working in low traffic streets (7.06 µg dl−1; 0.34 µmol per liter; C.I. 95%: 6.22–7.94 µg dl−1; 0.30–0.38 µmol per liter).The percentile distribution (50th, 90th and 98th P) for all subgroups surveyed has always proved to be below the maximum limits specified by EC Directive No. 77/312.

Key words

Atmospheric pollution Blood lead Car traffic 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Orlando
    • 1
  • F. Perdelli
    • 1
  • M. L. Cristina
    • 1
  • C. Oberto
    • 1
  • D. Viglione
    • 2
  • S. Palmieri
    • 2
  • A. Vari
    • 2
  • F. di Bello
    • 2
  1. 1.Chair of Environmental Hygiene, Institute of Hygiene and Preventive MedicineUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.PMP of GenovaLa Spezia, Savona, ImperiaItaly

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