Policy Sciences

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 245–267 | Cite as

Theoretical issues and social indicators: A societal process approach

  • Wm. Alex McIntosh
  • Gerald E. Klonglan
  • Leslie D. Wilcox


Well-being involves various levels: the individual, the institutional-distributive, and the societal. These levels are interrelated. Social indicators of well-being must be theoretically based so as to take into account these levels. A societal process model is proposed to describe the levels of society and the nature of well-being at each level. Social indicator types regarding the output and distribution of well-being, the effect of policy manipulatable and nonmanipulatable inputs, and the secondary consequences of inputs are suggested and examples are provided.


Economic Policy Secondary Consequence Social Indicator Process Approach Theoretical Issue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wm. Alex McIntosh
    • 1
  • Gerald E. Klonglan
    • 2
  • Leslie D. Wilcox
    • 2
  1. 1.Texas A & M UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Iowa State UniversityUSA

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