Skip to main content

Bureaucratic compliance as a game on the unit square

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Aranson, Peter H., and Ordeshook, Peter C. “Spatial Strategies for Sequential Elections.”Probability Models of Collective Decision-Making. Edited by Richard G. Niemi and Herbert F. Weisberg. Columbus: Charles E. Merrill, 1972.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Breton, Albert, and Wintrobe, Ronald. “The Equilibrium Size of a Budget-Maximizing Bureau: A Note on Niskanen's Theory of Bureaucracy.”Journal of Political Economy, 83 (1975), 195–207.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Hettich, Walter. “Bureaucrats and Public Goods.”Public Choice, 21 (Spring, 1975), 15–26.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Hinich, Melvin J., and Ordeshook, Peter C. “Social Welfare and Electoral Competition in Democratic Societies.”Public Choice, 11 (Fall, 1971), 73–87.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Jacobs, Gary; Miller, Gary; and Sullivan, Terry. “Payoff Functions and Bargains in Prisoners' Dilemma Games with Infinite Strategies.” Unpublished manuscript. Fall, 1974.

  6. Migué, Jean-Luc, and Bélanger, Gérard. “Toward a General Theory of Managerial Discretion.”Public Choice, 17 (Spring, 1974), 27–43.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Nikaido, H., and Isoda, K. “Note on Noncooperative Convex Games.”Pacific Journal of Mathematics, 5 (1955), 807–815.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Niskanen, William A., Jr.Bureaucracy and Representative Government. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton, 1971.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Riker, William H., and Ordeshook, Peter C.An Introduction to Positive Political Theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

    Google Scholar 

Download references


Additional information

The author, an assistant professor at California Institute of Technology, wishes to express his appreciation to Joe Oppenheimer and Norman Frohlich for their helpful advice and encouragement during work on early drafts of this paper, and to William Niskanen for his thoughtful critique and suggestions.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Miller, G.J. Bureaucratic compliance as a game on the unit square. Public Choice 29, 37–51 (1977).

Download citation


  • Public Finance