European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 95–98 | Cite as

Epidemiology and clinical manifestation of HIV infection in Northern Zaire

  • W. Strecker
  • L. Gürtler
  • M. Schilling
  • M. Binibangili
  • K. Strecker
Brief Report


1275 patients were evaluated for HIV-1+2 seroprevalence and its association with clinical symptoms of HIV infection. Of 667 apparently healthy subjects, 8.2% had anti-HIV-1 antibodies. In 465 patients with clinical signs of AIDS, 39.4% were seropositive. 143 patients with miscellaneous symptoms had positive predictive values for HIV infection between 67% (vaginal ulcerations) and 20% (profound pyogenic abscesses). The WHO definition for AIDS had a specificity of 78.3%, a sensitivity of 72.2% and a predictive value of 61.6%.

Key words

Central Africa Clinical manifestation HIV infection WHO case definition 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Strecker
    • 1
  • L. Gürtler
    • 2
  • M. Schilling
    • 1
  • M. Binibangili
    • 3
  • K. Strecker
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of TraumatologyUniversity of UlmULMGermany
  2. 2.Max von Pettenkofer-InstitutMünchenGermany
  3. 3.Hôpital PrésidentielGbadoliteZaire

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