Skip to main content

Dieldrin and p,p′—DDT effects on egg production and eggshell thickness of chickens

Summary

Sixty Leghorn hens were randomly divided into 5 groups of 12 and individually fed a control diet, or diets containing 10 and 20 ppm dieldrin, or diets containing 100 and 200 ppm p,p′-DDT for a 12-week period. Average egg production per bird, egg weight, dry shell weight, shell thickness (not including membranes), and shell calcium were not affected by feeding the insecticides. In addition, the length of the clutch or the number of clutches during the 12-week period were not affected. However, egg weight increased with time during the experiment, and eggshell thickness decreased with successive eggs within a clutch.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    RATCLIFFE, D. A., Nature 215, 208 (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    HICKEY, J. J., and ANDERSON, D. W., Science 162, 271 (1968).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    PEAKALL, D. B., Scientific American 222(4), 72 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    ANDERSON, D. W., and HICKEY, J. J., The Wilson Bul. 82, 14 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    HEATH, R. G., SPANN, J. W., and KREITZER, J. F., Nature 224, 47 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    WIEMEYER, S. N., and PORTER, R. D., Nature 227, 737 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    ENDERSON, J. H., and BERGER, D. D., Bio-Science 20, 355 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    TUCKER, R. K., and HAEGLE, H. A., Bul. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 5, 191 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    LEHNER, P. N., and EGBERT, A., Nature 24, 1218 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    SMITH, S. E., WEBER, C. W., and REID, B. L., Poultry Sci. 49, 233 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    PORTER, R. D., and WIEMEYER, S., Science 165, 199 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    BITMAN, J., CECIL, H. C., HARRIS, S. J., and FRIES, G. F., Nature 224, 44 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    DAVISON, K. L., J. Agr. Food Chem. 18, 1156 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    HURWITZ, S., and GRIMINGER, P., J. Agr. Sci. 54, 373 (1960).

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    HURWITZ, S., Personal communication (1969).

  16. 16.

    DAVISON, K. L., SELL, J. L., and ROSE, R. J., Bul. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 5, 493 (1970).

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    SMITH, S. I., WEBER, C. W., and REID, B. L., Poultry Sci. 48, 1000 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    RUBIN, M., BIRD, H. R., GREEN, N., and CARTER, R. H., Poultry Sci. 26, 410 (1947).

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    ROMANOFF, A. L., and ROMANOFF, A. J., The avian egg (1949), John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    JEFFRIES, D. J., Nature 222, 578 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    PEAKALL, D. B., Science 168, 592 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Published with the approval of the director of the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station as Journal Article No. 301.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Davison, K.L., Sell, J.L. Dieldrin and p,p′—DDT effects on egg production and eggshell thickness of chickens. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 7, 9–18 (1972). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01709169

Download citation

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Control Diet