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Systemic and deep-seated infections caused byArcanobacterium haemolyticum

Abstract

Arcanobacterium haemolyticum has been implicated mainly in non-streptococcal pharyngitis and wound infections. Rarely, it has been reported to cause systemic infection, often in combination with other pathogens. Two cases of systemic and deep-seated infections caused byArcanobacterium haemolyticum are reported, and the literature is reviewed. Sixteen cases of bacteremia and seven cases of non-bacteremic deep-seated have been published previously. Eight of the bacteremic and two of the non-bacteremic cases occurred in younger, apparently healthy immunocompetent patients. Six patients had infections of the central nervous system. The optimal treatment of infections caused byArcanobacterium haemolyticum is not known. Although in vitro susceptibility tests have demonstrated tolerance ofArcanobacterium haemolyticum to penicillin, penicillins with or without aminoglycosides have been the most widely used antibiotics, in most cases with success.

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Correspondence to R. L. Skov.

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Skov, R.L., Sanden, A.K., Danchell, V.H. et al. Systemic and deep-seated infections caused byArcanobacterium haemolyticum . Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 17, 578–582 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01708624

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Keywords

  • Nervous System
  • Central Nervous System
  • Internal Medicine
  • Penicillin
  • Wound Infection