High levels of PCBs in breast milk of inuit women from arctic quebec

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Addison RF, Smith TG (1974) Organochlorine residue levels in arctic ringed seals: variation with age and sex. OIKOS 25:335–337.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Alien JR, Norback DH, Hsu IC (1974) Tissue modifications in monkeys as related to absorption, distribution an excretion of polychlorinated biphenyls. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 2:85–86.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Chen PH, Luo ML, Hong EK, Chen CJ (1982) Comparative rates of elimination of some individual polychlorinated biphenyls from the blood of PCB-poisoned patients in Taïwan. Food Chem Toxicol 20:417–425.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Davies D, Mes J (1987) Comparaison of the residue levels of some organochlorine compounds in breast milk of the general and indigenous Canadian populations. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 39:743–749.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Eadon G, Kaminsky L, Silkworth J et al. (1986) Calculation of 2,3, 7,8-TCDD Equivalent concentrations of complex environmental contaminant mixtures. Environ Health perspect 70:221–227.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Holtz A, Sharpe MA (1985) Environment Canada,Environment Protection Service, Internal Report 63 pp.

  7. Jensen S (1966) Report of a new chemical hazard. New Scientist 32:612.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Kinloch D, Kuhnlein HV (1986) Assessment of PCBs in arctic foods and diets. A pilot study in Broughton Island, Northwest Territories. Preliminary Report. N.W.T. Region — Health and Welfare Canada.

  9. Kuratsune M, Morikawa Y, Hirohata T et al. (1969) An epidemiologic study on “Yusho” or chlorobiphenyls poisoning. Fukuoka Acta Med 60:513–532.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Lü YC, Wong PN (1984) Dermatological, medical and laboratory findings of patients in Taiwan and their treatments. Am J Industr Med 5:81–117.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Mc Neely R, Gummer WD (1984) A reconnaissance survey of the environmental chemistry in East Central Ellesmere Island, N.W.T. Arctic 37:210–223.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Mes J, Davies, D, Turton D, Sun WF (1986) Levels and trends of chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants in the breast milk of Canadian women. Food Add Contam 3:313–322.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Muir DCG, Norstrom RJ, Simon M (1988) Organochlorine contaminants in arctic marine food chains: Accumulation of specific polychlorinated biphenyls and chlordane related compounds. Environ Sci Technol 22:1071–1079.

    Google Scholar 

  14. NIOSH. (1977) Criteria for a recommended standard. Occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Rockville, MD: U.S. DHEW, PHS, CDC. NIOSH Publ. No. 77-225.

  15. Norstrom, RJ and Muir, DCG (1988) Long range transport of organochlorines in the arctic and subarctic: Evidence from analysis of marine mammals and fish. In: Toxic contamination in the Great Lakes. Vol. I. Chronic effects of toxic contaminants in large lakes. N.W. Schmidtke, ed., Lewis Publ. Inc., Chelsea, Mich.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Oehme M, Fürst P, Kruger Chr, Meemken HA, and Groebel N (1988) Presence of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and pesticides in arctic seal from Spitzbergen. Chemosphere 17:1291–1300.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Reece ER (1987) Ontogeny of immunity in Inuit infants. Communication 7 th International Congress on Circumpolar Health. Arctic Medical Research 45: 62

    Google Scholar 

  18. Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. (1980) Statistical methods. The Iowa State University Press. Iowa, USA.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Wagemann R, Muir DCG (1984) Concentrations of heavy metals and organochlorines in marine mammals of northern waters; overview and evaluation. Can Tech Rep Fish Aquat Sci no 1279.

  20. Wolff MS, Fischbein A, Thornton et al. Body burden of polychlorinated biphenyls among persons employed in capacitor manufacturing. Int Arch Occup Health 49:99–108.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Eric Dewailly.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dewailly, E., Nantel, A., Weber, J.-. et al. High levels of PCBs in breast milk of inuit women from arctic quebec. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 43, 641–646 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01701981

Download citation

Keywords

  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • PCBs
  • Breast Milk