Skip to main content

Toxicity evaluation of the proposed secondary and the primary effluents discharged to Massachusetts Bay

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Camp Dresser & McKee (1977) Secondary treatment facilities plan. Facilities planning background. Vol. II. Report for MWRA, Boston, MA.

  2. Dinnel PA, Stober QJ, DiJulio DM (1981) Sea urchin sperm bioassay for sewage and chlorinated seawater and its relation to fish bioassays. Mar Environ Res 5:29–39.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Hamilton MA, Russo RC, Thurston RV (1977) Trimmed Spearman-Karber Method for Estimating Median Lethal Concentrations in Toxicity Bioassays. Environ Sci Technol 11: 714–718.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Hoss DE, Coston LC, Baptist JP, Engel DW (1975) Effects of temperature, copper, and chlorine on fish during simulated entrainment in power-plant condenser cooling systems. Proc. Inter. Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1974.

  5. Goldman JC, Quinby HL, Cappuzzo JM (1979) Chlorine disappearance in sea-water. Water Res 13:315–323.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Jop KM (1989) Acute and rapid-chronic toxicity of hexavalent chromium to five marine species. Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment, STP 1027:251–260, ASTM, Philadelphia, PA.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Lewis BG (1966) Chlorination and mussel control. I: The chemistry of chlorinated seawater: a review of the literature. C.E.R.L. Report No. RD/L/N/ 106/66.

  8. Merkens JC (1958) Studies on the toxicity of chlorine and chloramines to the rainbow trout. Water Waste Treat J 7:150–151.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Nacci S, Jackim W, Walsh R (1986) Comparative Evaluation of Three Rapid Marine Toxicity tests: Sea Urchin Early Embryo Growth Test, Sea Urchin Sperm Cell Toxicity Test and Microtox Environ Toxicol Chem 5:521–525.

    Google Scholar 

  10. SAS User's Guide: Statistics (1985) SAS Institute, Statistical Analysis System, Raleigh, NC.

  11. Sprague JB, Fogels A (1977) Watch the Y in bioassay. Proc. 3rd Aquatic Toxicity Workshop, Halifax, N.S., 1976. Environmental Protection Service Technical Report No.EPS-5-AR-77-1.

  12. Stephan CE (1977) Methods for Calculating an LC50. Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Evaluation, STP 634:65–84. ASTM, Philadelphia, PA.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Thursby GB, Steele RL, Kane ME (1985) Effect of Organic Chemicals on Growth and Reproduction in the Marine Red Alga Champia parvula. Environ Toxicol Chem 4:797–805.

    Google Scholar 

  14. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1984) Development of Water Quality-Based Permit Limitations for Toxic Pollutants. National Policy, Federal Register, 49(48): 9016–90190.

    Google Scholar 

  15. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1985) Technical Support Document for Water Quality-Based Toxics Control. Office of Water, Washington, DC, 74 pp.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Krzysztof M. Jop.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Jop, K.M., Williams, J.W. & Foster, R.B. Toxicity evaluation of the proposed secondary and the primary effluents discharged to Massachusetts Bay. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 45, 399–407 (1990).

Download citation


  • Toxicity
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Toxicity Evaluation