Skip to main content

Orchard dormant sprays and exposure of red-tailed hawks to organophosphates

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Berger DD, Mueller HC (1953) The Bal Chatri: a trap for the birds of prey. Bird Banding 30:18–26.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Ellman GL, Courtney KD, Andres V, Featherstone RM (1961) A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity. Biochem Pharm 7:88–95.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Glotfelty DE, Seiber JN, Liljedahl LA (1987) Pesticides in fog. Nature 325:602–605.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Hill, EF (1988) Brain cholinesterase activity of apparently normal wild birds. J Wildlife Dis 24:51–61.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Hooper MJ, Detrich PJ, Weisskopf CP, Wilson BW (1989) Organophosphorus insecticide exposure in hawks inhabiting orchards during winter dormantspraying. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 42:651–659.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Weisskopf CP, Seiber JN, Maizlish N, Schenker M (1988) Personnel exposure to diazinon in a supervised pest eradication program. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 17:201–212.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Barry W. Wilson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wilson, B.W., Hooper, M.J., Littrell, E.E. et al. Orchard dormant sprays and exposure of red-tailed hawks to organophosphates. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 47, 717–724 (1991).

Download citation


  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Dormant Spray