Skip to main content

Triclopyr persistence in northern idaho forest vegetation

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Boyd RJ, Miller DL, Kidd FA, Ritter CP (1985) Herbicides for forest weed control in the inland northwest: a summary of effects on weeds and conifers. USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Res Stn Gen Tech Rep INT-195.

  2. Campbell EG, Johnson RL (1983) Food habits of mountain goats, mule deer, and cattle on Chopaka mountain, Washington, 1977–1980. J Range Manage 36: 488–491.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Norris LA (1977) The behavior of 2,4,5-T and TCDD in the environment. Soc Amer For Proc: 252–255.

  4. Norris LA, Montgomery ML, Johnson ER (1977) The persistence of 2,4,5-T in a Pacific northwest forest. Weed Sci 25: 417–422.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Norris LA, Montgomery ML, Loper BR (1984) Movement and persistence of 2,4,5-triclorophenoxyacetic acid in a forest watershed in the eastern United States. Environ Toxicol and Chem 3: 537–549.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Norris LA, Montgomery ML, Warren LE (1987) Triclopyr in western Oregon Hill Pastures. Bull Environ Contam and Toxicol 39: 134–141.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Osweiler GD (1983) Toxicology of triclopyr herbicide in the equine. Amer Assn Vet Lab Diag 26th Ann Proc 193–202.

  8. Rowe LD (1980) Acute experimental triclopyr poisoning in cattle. Amer Coll Vet Toxicol Sci Session Washington, DC July 21,1980.

  9. Weed Science Society of America (1983) Herbicide Handbook. 5th Edition. Champaign, Illinois.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Steven G. Whisenant.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Whisenant, S.G., McArthur, E.D. Triclopyr persistence in northern idaho forest vegetation. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 42, 660–665 (1989).

Download citation


  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Forest Vegetation
  • Triclopyr