This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Mueller, CS, Ramelow, GJ, and Beck, JN (1989 Mercury in the Calcasieu River/Lake complex, Louisiana. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 42:71–80.
Nash III, TH (1976) Lichens as indicators of air pollution. Naturwissenschaften 63:364–367.
Nieboer, E, Puckett, KJ, and Grace, B (1976) The uptake of nickel byUmbilicaria muhlenbergii: a physiochemical process. Can J Bot 54:724–733.
Nieboer, E and Richardson DHS (1981) Lichens as monitors of atmospheric deposition. In: Eisenreich SJ (ed) Atmospheric Pollutants in Natural Waters, Ann Arbor Science, pp 347–348.
Olmez, I, Gulovali, MC, and Gordon, GE (1985) Trace element concentrations in lichens near a coal-fired power plant. Atmos Environ 10:1663–1669.
Puckett, KJ, Nieboer, E, Gorzynski, MJ, and Richardson, DHS (1973) The uptake of metal ions by lichens: a modified ion-exhange process. New Phytol 72:329–342.
Ramelow, GJ, Maples, RS, Thompson, RL, Mueller, C S, Webre, C, and Beck, JN (1987) Periphyton as monitors for heavy metal pollution in the Calcasieu River Estuary. Environ Polut 43:247–261.
Ramelow, GJ, Laughlin, SK, and Beck JN (1988) Identification of point inputs of heavy metals into an industrially impacted bayou by the use of periphyton biomonitors. 44th Southwest American Chemical Society meeting, Corpus Christi, Texas, paper no. 131.
Richardson, DHS and Nieboer E (1981) Lichens and pollution monitoring. Endeavor 5:127–133.
Wainwright SJ and Beckett PJ (1975) Kinetic studies on the binding of zinc ions by the lichenUsnea florida (L.) Web. New Phytol 75:91–98.
About this article
Cite this article
Beck, J.N., Ramelow, G.J. Use of lichen biomass to monitor dissolved metals in natural waters. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 44, 302–308 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01700151
- Waste Water
- Water Management
- Water Pollution
- Natural Water