Skip to main content

Toxicity of chlorine dioxide to early life stages of marine organisms

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Anderson BS, Hunt JW (in press) Bioassay methods for evaluating the toxicity of heavy metals, biocides and sewage effluent using microscopic stages of giant kelpMacrocystis pyrifera (Agardh): A preliminary report. Mar Environ Res

  2. APHA (American Public Health Association). 1980. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 15th ed. Washington D.C.

  3. Bercz JP, Jones L, Garner L, Murray D, Ludwig DA, Boston J (1982) Subchronic toxicity of chlorine dioxide and related compounds in drinking water in the nonhuman primate. Environ Health Persp 46:47–55

    Google Scholar 

  4. Cross JN, Hardy JT, Hose JE, Hershelman GP, Antrim LD, Gossett, RW, Crecelius EA (1987) Contaminant concentrations and toxicity of sea-surface microlayer near Los Angeles, California. Mar Environ Res 23:307–323

    Google Scholar 

  5. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1980) Effluent limitations, guidelines, pretreatment standards under Clean Water Act; steam electric power generating point source category, proposed regulations, 45 F.R. 68328.

  6. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1985) Methods for measuring acute toxicity of effluents to freshwater and marine organisms, 3rd ed. EPA/600/4-85-013. USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio. 216 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  7. EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) (1980) Review of open literature on effects of chlorine on aquatic organisms. EPRI EA-1491. Palo Alto, California.

  8. McKim JM (1977) Evaluation of tests with the early life stages of fish for predicting long-term toxicity. J Fish Res Board Can 34:1148–1154.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Oshida, PS, Goochey TK, Mearns AJ (1981) Effects of municipal wastewater on fertilization, survival and development of the sea urchin,Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. In: Vernberg FJ, Calabrese A, Vernberg WB, (eds) Biological monitoring of marine pollutants. Academic Press, New York, p 389

    Google Scholar 

  10. Sussman S, Ward WJ (1977) Microbiological control with chlorine dioxide helps save energy. Mat Perform 16:24–28.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Wilde EW, Soracco RJ, Mayack LA, Shealy RL, Broadwell TL, Steffen RF (1983) Comparison of chlorine and chlorine dioxide toxicity to fathead minnows and bluegill. Water Res 17:1327–1331.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jo Ellen Hose.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hose, J.E., Di Fiore, D., Parker, H.S. et al. Toxicity of chlorine dioxide to early life stages of marine organisms. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 42, 315–319 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01699954

Download citation

Keywords

  • Toxicity
  • Waste Water
  • Dioxide
  • Chlorine
  • Water Management