Bioaccumulation and tissue distribution of a quaternary ammonium surfactant in three aquatic species

  • John P. Knezovich
  • Michael P. Lawton
  • Laura S. Inouye
Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baleux B, Caumette P (1977) Biodegradation of some cationic surface-active agents. Water Res 11:833–841Google Scholar
  2. Biesinger KE, Stokes GN (1986) Effects of synthetic polyelectrolytes on selected aquatic organisms. J Water Pollut Control Fed 58:207–213.Google Scholar
  3. Boethling RS (1984) Environmental fate and toxicity in wastewater treatment of quaternary ammonium surfactants. Water Res 18:1061–1076Google Scholar
  4. Cary GA, McMahon JA, Kuc WJ (1987) The effect of suspended solids and naturally occurring dissolved organics in reducing the acute toxicities of cationic polyelectrolytes to aquatic organisms. Environ Toxicol Chem 6:469–474Google Scholar
  5. Cutler RA, Drobeck HP (1970) Toxicology of cationic surfactants. In: Jungermann E (ed) Cationic surfactants. Marcel Dekker Inc, New York, pp 527–616Google Scholar
  6. Lewis MA, Wee VT (1983) Aquatic safety assessment for cationic surfactants. Environ Toxicol Chem 2:105–118Google Scholar
  7. Ruiz Cruz J, Dobarganes Garcia MC (1979) Contamination of natural watercourses by synthetic detergents. XV. Relationship between chemical structure and biodegradability of cationic surfactants in river water. Grasas Aceites 30:67–74Google Scholar
  8. Taylor AC, Kollros JJ (1946) Stages in the normal development ofR. pipiens larva. Anat Res 94:7–23Google Scholar
  9. Wee VT, Kennedy JM (1982) Determination of trace levels of quaternary ammonium compounds in river water by liquid chromatography with conductometric detection. Anal Chem 54:1631–1633Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John P. Knezovich
    • 1
  • Michael P. Lawton
    • 1
  • Laura S. Inouye
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Sciences DivisionLawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermore

Personalised recommendations