This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abernethy S, Bobra AM, Shiu WY, Wells PG, Mackay D (1986) Acute lethal toxicity of hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons to two planktonic crustaceans: The key role of organism-water partitioning. Aquat Toxicol 8:163–174
Ballschmiter K, Zell Z (1980) Analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by glass capillary gas chromatography. Composition of technical Aroclor- and Clophen-PCB mixtures. J Fresenius Z Anal Chem 302:20–31
Billington JW, Huang G-L, Szeto F, Shui WY, Mackay D (1988) Preparations of aqueous solutions of sparingly soluble organic substances. I. Single component systems. Environ Toxicol Chem 7:117–124
Black MC, McCarthy JF (1988) Dissolved organic macromolecules reduce the uptake of hydrophobic organic contaminants by the gills of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Environ Toxicol Chem 7:593–600
Bush B, Simpson KW, Shane L, Koblintz RR (1985) PCB congener analysis of water and caddisfly larvae (Insecta:Trichoptera) in the upper Hudson River by glass capillary chromatography. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 34:96–105
Chambers JE, Yarbrough JD (1976) Xenobiotic biotransformation systems in fishes. Comp Biochem Physiol 55C:77–84
Dill DC, Mayes MA, Mendoza CG, Boggs GU, Emmitte JA (1982) Comparison of the toxicities of biphenyl, monochlorobiphenyl, and 2, 2′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl to fish and daphnids. In: JG Pearson, RB Foster and WE Bishop (ed) Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment, ASTM STP 766, Philadelphia, pp 245–256
Kannan N, Tanabe S, Tatsukawa R (1988) Toxic potential of nonortho and mono-ortho coplanar PCBs in commercial PCB preparations: “2, 3,7,8-TCDD toxicity equivalence factors approach”. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 41:267–276
Mayer FL, Mehrle PM, Sanders HO (1977) Residue dynamics and biological effects of polychlorinated biphenyls in aquatic organisms. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 5:501–511
May WE, Wasik SP, Freeman DH (1978) Determination of the aqueous solubility of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons by a coupled column liquid chromatographic technique. Anal Chem 50:175–179
McFarland VA, Clarke JU (1989) Environmental occurrence, abundance, and potential toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners: Considerations for a congener-specific analysis. Environ Health Perspect 81:225–239
Oliver BG, Niimi AJ (1988) Trophodynamic analysis of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and other chlorinated hydrocarbons in the Lake Ontario ecosystem. Environ Sci Technol 22:388–397
Opperhuizen A, Gobas FAPC, Van der Stten JMD, Hutzinger O (1988) Aqueous solubility of polychlorinated biphenyls related to molecular structure. Environ Sci Technol 22:638–646
Parkinson A, Safe S (1981) Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction and its relationship to the toxicity of halogenated aryl hydrocarbons. Toxicol Environ Chem Rev 4:1–46
Peltier WH, Weber CI (1985) Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents to freshwater and marine organisms. EPA/600/4-850/013. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Safe S (1987) Determination of 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxic equivalent factors (TEFs): Support for the use of the in vitro AHH induction assay. Chemosphere 16:791–802
SAS (Statistical Analysis System) Procedures Guide for Personal Computers, Version 6 edition. (1985) SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, North Carolina.
Shiu WY, Mackay D (1986) A critical review of aqueous solubilities, vapor pressures, Henry's Law constants, and octanol-water partition coefficients of the polychlorinated biphenyls. J Phys Chem Ref Data 15:911–929
Shui WY, Maijanen A, Ng ALY, Mackay D (1988) Preparations of aqueous solutions of sparingly soluble organic substances. II. Multicomponent systems: Hydrocarbon mixtures and petroleum products. Environ Toxicol Chem 7:125–137
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1980) Ambient water quality criteria for: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). EPA/-440-5-80-068. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Washington, D.C.
Veith G, Comstock VM (1975) Apparatus for continuously saturating water with hydrophobic organic chemicals. J Fish Res Bd Can 32:1849–1851
About this article
Cite this article
Dillon, T.M., Burton, W.D.S. Acute toxicity of PCB congeners toDaphnia magna andPimephales promelas . Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 46, 208–215 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01691939
- Waste Water
- Water Management
- Water Pollution
- Acute Toxicity