Skip to main content

Acute lethal toxicity of some reference chemicals to freshwater fishes of scandinavia

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Blank H. Dave G, Gustafsson K (1978) An annotated literature survey of methods for determination of effects and fate of pollutants in aquatic environment. Rep Natl Swedish Environ Prot Bd, Stockholm, SNV PM 1050, p 1–151

  2. Chapman GA (1983) Do organisms in laboratory toxicity tests respond like organisms in nature? In: Bishop WE, Cardwell RD, Heidolph BB (eds) Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: Sixth Symposium. ASTM STP 802, p 315–327

  3. Dave G (1978) Aquatic animals. Rep Natl Swedish Environ Prot Bd, Stockholm, SNV PM 1050, p 101–151

  4. Dave G (1984) Effect of pH on pentachlorophenol toxicity to embryos and larvae of zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 33:621–630

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Davis JC, Hoos RAW (1975) Use of sodium pentachlorophenate and dehydroabietic acid as reference toxicants for salmonid bioassays. J Fish Res Bd Can 32:411–416

    Google Scholar 

  6. Holmbom B (1980) A procedure for analysis of toxic compounds in pulp and paper mill waste waters. Paperi & Puu/Papper & Trä 62: 523–531

    Google Scholar 

  7. ISO (International Standard Organization, 1982) Water quality, Paris, International Standard 6341 E

  8. Johnson WW, Finley MT (1980) Handbook of acute toxicity of chemicals to fish and aquatic invertebrates. US Dept Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C., Resource Publ 137

    Google Scholar 

  9. McLeay DJ, Waiden CC, Munro JR (1979) Influence of dilution water on the toxicity of kraft pulp and paper mill effluent, including mechanisms of effect. Wate Res 13:151–158

    Google Scholar 

  10. OECD (Organization for Economical Cooperation and Development, 1981) OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals, 203, Paris

  11. Nordforsk (1982) Ekotoxicologiska metoder för akvatisk miljö. Nordforsk Publ 2, vol 2, Helsinki

  12. Saarikoski J, Viluksela M (1981) Influence of pH on the toxicity of substituted phenols to fish. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 10:747–753

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. SAS (1982) User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, N.C. p 287

    Google Scholar 

  14. Sloof W, Canton JH (1983) Comparison of the susceptibility of 11 freshwater species to 8 chemical compounds. II. (Semi)chronic toxicity tests. Aquatic Toxicol 4:271–282

    Google Scholar 

  15. Voss RH, Wearing JT, Mortimer RD, Kovacs T, Vong A (1980) Chlorinated organics in kraft bleachery effluents. Paperi & Puu/Papper & Trä 62:809–814

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. O. J. Oikari.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Oikari, A.O.J. Acute lethal toxicity of some reference chemicals to freshwater fishes of scandinavia. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 39, 23–28 (1987).

Download citation


  • Toxicity
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Freshwater Fish