Skip to main content

Direct gas chromatographic determination of carbaryl residues in honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) using a nitrogen-phosphorus detector with confirmation by formation of a chemical derivative

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Aldridge WN (1981). Organophosphorus compounds: molecular basis for their biological properties. Sci Prog Oxf 67: 131–147.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Blaicher G, Pfannhauser W, Woidich H (1980). Problems encountered with the routine application of HPLC to the analysis of carbamate pesticides. Chromatographia 13: 438–446.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bose RJ (1977). Formation of the N-trifluoroacetate of carbofuran. J Agric Food Chem 25: 1209–1210.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Cohen IC, Norcup J, Ruzicka JHA, Wheals BB (1970). An electron-capture gas chromatographic method for the determination of some carbamate insecticides as 2,4-dinitrophenyl derivatives of their phenol moieties. J Chromatogr 49: 215–221.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Holden ER (1976). Gas chromatographic determination of residues of methylcarbamate insecticides in crops as their 2,4-dinitrophenyl ether derivatives. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 56: 713–717.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Holden ER, Jones WM, Beroza M (1969). Determination of residues of methyl- and dimethylcarbamate insecticides by gas chromatography of their 2,4-dinitroaniline derivatives. J Agric Food Chem 18: 56–59.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Lau SC, Marxmiller RL (1970). Residue determination of Landrin insecticide by trifluoroacetylation and electron capture gas chromatography. J Agric Food Chem 18: 413–415.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Lord KA, Cayley GR, Smart LE, Manlove R (1980). Assay of carbaryl in honeybees (Apis mellifera.) by high-performance liquid chromatography. Analyst 105: 257–261.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Maitlen JC, McDonough LM (1980). Derivatisation of several carbamate pesticides with methanesulphonyl chloride and detection by gas-liquid chromatography with the flame photometric detector: application to residues of carbaryl on lentil straw. J Agric Food Chem 28: 78–82.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Stevenson JH, Needham PH, Walker J (1978). Poisoning of honey bees by pesticides: investigations of the changing pattern in Britain over 20 years. Rothamsted Experimental Station Report for 1977 Part 2: 55–72.

  11. Westlake GE, Hardy AR, Stevenson JH (1985). Effects of storage and pesticide treatments on honey bee brain acetylcholin-esterase activities. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 34: 668–675.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Peter M. Brown.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kendrick, P.N., Trim, A.J., Atwal, J.K. et al. Direct gas chromatographic determination of carbaryl residues in honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) using a nitrogen-phosphorus detector with confirmation by formation of a chemical derivative. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 46, 654–661 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01689948

Download citation

Keywords

  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Apis Mellifera
  • Carbaryl