Skip to main content

Comparison of elemental concentrations in the wood of three tree species growing adjacent to an inactive chromium smelter

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Baes CF III, McLaughlin SB (1984) Trace elements in tree rings: evidence of recent and historical air pollution. Science 224:494–496.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Baes CF III, McLaughlin SB (1985) Trace metal uptake and accumulation in trees as affected by environmental pollution. Publication 2571, Environmental Sciences Div., Oak Ridge National Lab. Presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Effects of Acidic Deposition on Forests, Wetlands and Agricultural Ecosystems, May 12–17, 1985, Toronto, Canada. 19 p.

  3. Baes CF III, Ragsdale HL (1981) Age-specific lead distribution in xylem rings of three tree genera in Atlanta, Georgia. Environ Pollut Ser B2:21–35.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Freedman B, Hutchinson TC (1980) Pollutant inputs from the atmosphere and accumulations in soils and vegetation near a nickel-copper smelter at Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Can J Bot 58:108–132.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Hanna WJ, Grant CL (1962) Spectrochemical analysis of the foliage of certain trees and ornamentals for 23 elements. Bull of the Torrey Botanical Club 89(5):293–302.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kramer PJ, Kozlowski TT (1979) Physiology of woody plants. Academic Press, New York. 811 p.

  7. Lepp NW (1975) The potential of tree-ring analysis for monitoring heavy metal pollution patterns. Environ Pollut 9:49–61.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Maeglin FR (1979) Increment cores-how to collect, handle, and use them. USDA Forest Service Res Pap FPL 25. 19 p.

  9. McLaughlin SB, Baes CF III, McConathy RK, Sigal LL, Walker RF (1983) Interactive effects of acid rain and gaseous air pollutants on natural terrestrial vegetation. Natl. Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Effects Research Rev. Feb. 21–25, 1983. 18 p.

  10. Nyangababo JT (1987) Lichens as monitors of aerial heavy metal pollutants in and around Kampala. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 38:91–95.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Morrison IK, Hogan GD (1986) Trace element distribution within the tree phytomass and forest floor of a tolerant hardwood stand, Algoma, Ontario. Water, Air and Soil Poll 31:493–500.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Peterson MA (1982) The effects of air pollution and acid rain on fish, wildlife, and their habitats — introduction. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Serv., Biological Serv. Program, Eastern Energy and Land Use Team, FWS/OBS-80/40.10. 89 p.

  13. Sheppard JC, Funk WH (1975) Trees as environmental sensors monitoring long-term heavy metal contamination of Spokane River, Idaho. Environ Sci and Technol 9:638–642.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Stokes MA, Smiley TL (1968) An introduction to tree-ring dating. The Univ of Chicago Press, Chicago. 73 P.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Symeonides C (1979) Tree-ring analysis for tracing the history of pollution: application to a study in Northern Sweden. J Environ Qual 8:482–486.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Tazaki T, Ushijima T (1977) The vegetation in the neighbourhood of smelting factories and the amount of heavy metals absorbed and accumulated by various species, pp 217–224. In: Miyawaki A, Tuxen R, Okuda S (eds) Vegetation, Science, and Environmental Protection. Maurzen Ltd., Tokyo. 576 p.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Ward NI, Brooks RR, Reeves RD (1974) Effect of lead from motor-vehicle exhausts on trees along a major thoroughfare in Palmerston North, New Zealand. Environ Pollut 6:149–158.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to John H. Melhuish Jr..

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bowers, L.J., Melhuish, J.H. Comparison of elemental concentrations in the wood of three tree species growing adjacent to an inactive chromium smelter. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 40, 457–461 (1988).

Download citation


  • Waste Water
  • Chromium
  • Tree Species
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution