Skip to main content

Effects of calcium oxide (quicklime) on non-target organisms in mussel beds

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Anonymous (1979) Federal Register Part III. Environmental Protection Agency Vol 44 (169) p 50784

  2. Bernstein BB, Welsford, RW (1982) An assessment of feasibility of using high-calcium quicklime as an experimental tool for research into kelp bed/sea urchin ecosystems in Nova Scotia. Can Tech Rep Fish and Aquat Sci 968, p 1–51

    Google Scholar 

  3. Galtsoff PS, Loosanoff VL (1939) Natural history and method of controlling the starfish (Asterias forbesi, Desor). Bull Bur Fish 41(31):76–132

    Google Scholar 

  4. Loosanoff VL, Engle JB (1942) Use of lime in controlling starfish. Res Rep 2. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, pp 1–29

    Google Scholar 

  5. Loosanoff V (1962) Jellyfishes and related animals. Fish Leaflet 535. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  6. MacKenzie CL (1977) Use of quicklime to increase oyster seed production. Aquaculture 10:45–51

    Google Scholar 

  7. MacKenzie CL (1983) To increase oyster production in the Northeastern United States. Mar Fish Rev 45:1–22.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Needler, AWH (1940) Use of quicklime for killing starfish on oyster grounds. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. Oyster Farming Circular 40-FRB-OFC11.

  9. Nishimura A, Seki M (1983) Effects of lime for the improvement of marlculture grounds. Bull Jap Soc Sci Fish 49: 353–358

    Google Scholar 

  10. North WJ, (1969) Project activities in San Diego County. California Institute Technology Keck Lab of Environmental Health Engineering. Annual Report, pp 6–28

  11. Wood FB (1908) Enemies and perils of the oyster. Report State of Connecticut Shellfish Commissioners 1907–1908. Doc No 30, Appendix to Rept pp 94–98

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sandra E. Shumway.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shumway, S.E., Card, D., Getchell, R. et al. Effects of calcium oxide (quicklime) on non-target organisms in mussel beds. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 40, 503–509 (1988).

Download citation


  • Oxide
  • Calcium
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution