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Toxicity to fish of flame retardant fabrics immersed in their water. Part I

Summary

A number of commercial and candidate flame retardants were studied with regard to their toxicity to fish when released from fabrics immersed in their water. Immersion of laundered or unlaundered flame retardant 100% polyester or polyester blend fabrics used in children's sleepwear in water containing goldfish resulted in release of the anticholin-esterase flame retardant TDBPP (tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate) and death of all fish within 24 hours. TDBPP undergoes loss of HBr in water and production of a metabolite.

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Maylin, G.A., Henion, J.D., Hicks, L.J. et al. Toxicity to fish of flame retardant fabrics immersed in their water. Part I. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 17, 499–504 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01685944

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Keywords

  • Flame Retardant
  • Methylol
  • None None
  • Polyester Fabric
  • Fish Mortality