Skip to main content

Reduction of foliar dislodgable pesticide residues from orange trees through spray-washing with water or lime solution

Conclusions

The volume of water applied is the single important factor in reducing foliar dislodgable residues by tree-washing with an oscillating boom spray rig, and none of the other washing parameters tested could be altered so as to increase washing efficiency and allow a reduction in the amount of water used. The additiion of lime to the washing solution did not enhance dissipation of foliar dislodgable residues of parathion or dioxathion.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. ADAMS, J. D., Y. IWATA, and F. A. GUNTHER: Bull. Environ. Contain. Toxicol.15 (1976) in press.

  2. GUNTHER, F. A., W. E. WESTLAKE, J. H. BARKLEY, W. WINTERLIN, and L. LANGBEHN: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.9, 243 (1973).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. GUNTHER, F. A., J. H. BARKLEY, and W. E. WESTLAKE: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.12, 641 (1974).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. GUNTHER, F. A., Y. IWATA, and G. E. CARMAN: Unpublished results (1975).

  5. POPENDORF, W. J., and R. C. SPEAR: Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J.35, 374 (1974).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. POPENDORF, W. J., R. C. SPEAR, and S. SELVIN: Environ. Sci. Technol.9, 583 (1975).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. QUINBY, G. E., and A. B. LEMMON: J. A. M. A.166, 740 (1958).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. SERAT, W. F.: Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.1, 170 (1973).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. SERAT, W. F., and B. BAILEY: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.12, 682 (1974).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. SMITH, C. A., F. A. GUNTHER, and J. D. ADAMS: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.15 (1976) in press.

  11. SPEAR, R. C., D. L. JENKINS, and T. H. MILBY: Environ. Sci. Technol.9, 308 (1975).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. SPENCER, W. F., M. M. CLIATH, K. R. DAVIS, R. C. SPEAR, and W. J. POPENDORF: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.14, 265 (1975).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. State Of California: Pesticide Use Report by Commodity 1974.

  14. WESTLAKE, W. E., F. A. GUNTHER, and G. E. CARMAN: Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.1, 60 (1973).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Carman, G.E., Gunther, F.A., Westlake, W.E. et al. Reduction of foliar dislodgable pesticide residues from orange trees through spray-washing with water or lime solution. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 16, 646–651 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01685568

Download citation

Keywords

  • Parathion
  • Vehicle Speed
  • Organophosphorus Pesticide
  • Orange Tree
  • Lime Application