Skip to main content

Behavior of mallard ducklings from parents fed 3 ppm DDE

Summary

Mallard ducks fed a diet containing 3 ppm DDE (equal to about 0.6 ppm in a natural succulent diet) laid eggs that contained an average of 5.8 ppm DDE; ducklings that hatched from these eggs differed from controls in behavioral tests designed to measure responses to a maternal call and to a frightening stimulus. In response to the maternal call, ducklings from parents fed DDE were hyper-responsive; compared to controls, a greater percentage approached the call and a greater percentage of those that approached remained near the call for the remainder of the test. In a test of avoidance behavior, ducklings whose parents were fed DDE traveled shorter distances from the frightening stimulus than did controls.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. BLUS, L. J., A. A. BELISLE, and R. M. PROUTY. Pestic. Monit. J.7, 181 (1974).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. HAEGELE, M. A. and R. H. HUDSON. Environ. Pollut.4, 53 (1973).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. HEINZ, G. Bull. Environ. Contain. Toxicol.13, 554 (1975).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. JAMES, D. and K. B. DAVIS, Jr. Amer. Zool.5, 229 (1965).

    Google Scholar 

  5. JEFFERIES, D. J. Ibis109. 266 (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  6. JEFFERIES, D. J. Mededel. Fakulteit Landbouwwetenschap. Gent.36, 34 (1971).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. KARLSSON, B., B. PERSSON, A. SÖDERGREN, and S. ULFSTRAND. Environ. Pollut.7, 53 (1974).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. KEITH, J. A. and I. M. GRUCHY. Proc. 15th Int. Ornithol. Cong., The Hague, 437 (1972).

  9. KREITZER, J. F. and G. H. HEINZ. Environ. Pollut.6, 21 (1974).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. LONGCORE, J. R. and B. M. MULHERN. Pestic. Monit. J.7, 62 (1973).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. PEAKALL, D. B. Science168, 592 (1970).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. WIEMEYER, S. N., B. M. MULHERN, F. J. LIGAS, R. J. HENSEL, J. E. MATHISEN, F. C. ROBARDS, and S. POSTUPALSKY. Pestic. Monit. J.6, 50 (1972).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. ZITKO, V. and P. M. K. CHOI. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.7, 63 (1972).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Heinz, G.H. Behavior of mallard ducklings from parents fed 3 ppm DDE. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 16, 640–645 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01685567

Download citation

Keywords

  • Avoidance Behavior
  • Avoidance Response
  • Initial Approach
  • Mallard Duck
  • Bengalese Finch