Skip to main content

A lichen (Parmelia conspersa) surviving with elevated concentrations of lead and copper in the center of Sendai city

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. BADDLEY, M.S. and HAWKSWORTH, D.L.: Air pollution and lichens. London:The Athlone Press 1973.

    Google Scholar 

  2. NIEBOER, E., AHMED, H.M., PUCKETT, K.J., and RICHARDSON, D.H.S.: Lichenologist5, 292 (1972).

    Google Scholar 

  3. SKYE, E., and HALLBERG, I.: Oikos20, 547 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  4. SUGIYAMA, K.: Misc. Bryll. Lichenol.6, 93 (1973).

    Google Scholar 

  5. TAODA, H.: Jap. J. Ecol.22, 125 (1972).

    Google Scholar 

  6. TAODA, H.: Hikobia6, 238 (1973) (In Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

We thank Dr. K. Sugiyama for identification of lichens, and staffs of Sendai Higashi Health Center for sampling of lichens.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Saeki, M., Kunii, K., Seki, T. et al. A lichen (Parmelia conspersa) surviving with elevated concentrations of lead and copper in the center of Sendai city. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 14, 726–730 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01685249

Download citation

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Elevated Concentration