Skip to main content

Parathion and methyl parathion toxicity to insecticideresistant and susceptible mosquitofish(Gambusia affinis)

Summary

This study determined the toxicity of parathion and methyl parathion to organochlorine compound-resistant and -susceptible populations of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis). Mosquitofish can tolerate about 40 times more methyl parathion than parathion. The resistant population demonstrates a 1.3 fold greater tolerance of methyl parathion than the susceptible population, which may be a developing resistance. The resistant population also demonstrates an environmentally-induced tolerance to parathion (1.6 fold) in the spring but no overall tolerance to parathion in the fall when compared to the susceptible population.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Literature cited

  1. CHAMBERS, J. E.: Studies of organophosphorus insecticide toxicity and possible mechanisms of tolerance in insecticide-susceptible and -resistant populations of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis). Ph.D. Thesis. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State. 40 p.

  2. CULLEY, D. D., and D. E. FERGUSON: J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can.26, 2395 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  3. FINLEY, M. T., D. E. FERGUSON and J. L. LUDKE: Pestic. Monit. J.3, 212 (1970).

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. O'BRIEN, R. D.: Toxic Phosphorus Esters, Hew York-London: Academic Press. 1960.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

This study was supported by NIH grant 5 ROI 00412 and NSF Graduate Traineeship grants GZ-1629-1970-71 and Gz-2036-1971-72.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chambers, J.E., Yarbrough, J.D. Parathion and methyl parathion toxicity to insecticideresistant and susceptible mosquitofish(Gambusia affinis) . Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 11, 315–320 (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01684935

Download citation

Keywords

  • Methyl
  • Toxicity
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution