Skip to main content

Influence of a pulp and paper mill effluent on aspects of distribution, survival and feeding of Nipigon Bay, Lake Superior, larval fish

Abstract

Surface distribution of Nipigon Bay larval fish was characterized by high abundance, between 500 and 2100 larval fish/10,000 m3 near shore, particularly in proximity to the pulp and paper mill effluent discharge, and low abundance, less than 100/10,000 m3 away from shore. Static bioassay indicated that approximately 60% effluent concentration was intolerable to the natural mixed larval fish community. No wood fibre was found among stomach contents and no difference was apparent in stomach contents of fish caught in influenced and uninfluenced areas. Data therefore suggest that larval fish either were not greatly influenced by plume conditions or were transients.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. AMUNDRUD, J.R., D.J. FABER and A. KEAST: J. Fish. Res. Board Can.31, l66l (1974).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. COOLEY, J.M.: J. Fish. Res. Board Can.34, in press (1977).

  3. FISH, M.P.: Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.47, 294 (1932).

    Google Scholar 

  4. KELSO, J.R.M.: J. Fish. Res. Board Can.34, in press (1977).

  5. MANSUETI, A.J. and J.D. HARDY JR.: Development of fishes of the Chesapeake Bay region. Part I. 1 ed. Baltimore, Maryland, Port City Press 1967.

    Google Scholar 

  6. MAY, E.B. and C.R. GASAWAY: A preliminary key to the identification of larval fishes of Oklahoma, with particular reference to Canton Reservoir, including a selected bibliography. Oklahoma Fish. Rss. Lab. Bulletin #5 1967.

  7. MINNS, C.K.: J. Fish. Res. Board Can.34, in press (1977).

  8. SCOTT, W.B. and E.J. CROSSMAN: Freshwater fishes of Canada. Ottawa: Fish. Res. Board of Can. Bulletin184 (1973).

    Google Scholar 

  9. WONG, B. and F.J. WARD: J. Fish. Res. Board Can.29, 1761 (1972).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. ZAIKA, V. YE. and N.A. OSTROVSKAYA: Journal of Ichthyology13, 120 (1973).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Leslie, J.K., Kelso, J.R.M. Influence of a pulp and paper mill effluent on aspects of distribution, survival and feeding of Nipigon Bay, Lake Superior, larval fish. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 18, 602–610 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01684007

Download citation

Keywords

  • Stomach Content
  • Larval Fish
  • Paper Mill
  • Wood Fibre
  • Environment Canada