Complications following anterior approaches to the cervical spine

Review of 535 surgical procedures
  • D. Viejo-Fuertes
  • D. Liguoro
  • M. Ansari
  • J. J. Rombouts
  • J. M. Vital
  • J. Sénégas
Original articles


The authors present a retrospective study of 535 consecutive anterior approaches to the cervical spine back to 5 years. The data were analyzed for post-operative complications. This surgical procedure has been commonly used for more than 40 years, but the post-operative complications due to the anterior approach itself were presented with few accompanying statistics, with various and contradictory results. Injury to nearly all of the structures has been reported in the literature, the more frequent problems are hoarseness and dysphagia; other complications include perforation of the oesophagus, hematomas, vascular injury⋯

Analysis of this data allows to understand better the specific problems related to this surgical approach, and to suggest precautions at each stage of the course of exposure of cervical vertebrae.

Key words

Cervical spine Anterior approach Complications Dysphagia hoarseness 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Viejo-Fuertes
    • 2
  • D. Liguoro
    • 3
  • M. Ansari
    • 2
  • J. J. Rombouts
    • 2
  • J. M. Vital
    • 1
  • J. Sénégas
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Pathologie RachidienneHôpital PellegrinBordeauxFrance
  2. 2.Département de Chirurgie OrthopédiqueCliniques Universitaires Saint-LucBruxellesBelgique
  3. 3.Service de Neurochirurgie-ouestHôpital PellegrinBordeauxFrance

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