Nutrient intake of endurance runners with ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet and regular western diet

Nährstoffzufuhr von Ultralangstreckenläufern mit ovo-lakto-vegetarischer und konventioneller Sportlerkost

Summary

During an endurance run (1000 km in 20 days) it was investigated whether an ovo-lactovegetarian diet (OLVD) could cover the nutritional requirements of endurance athletes. A regular western diet (RWD) was used as reference. Both diets were offered with an energy content of 4500 kcal per day and an energy percentage of carbohydrate:fat:protein of 60:30:10. The runners were divided into two dietary groups according to their usual dietary habits. The results of the 55 participants who completed the race show that runners from both groups had the same intake of energy, carbohydrate, fat and protein. Runners of the OLVD group consumed more dietary fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acids as well as less cholesterol. With the exception of sodium chloride and cobalamine, the intake of the calculated minerals and vitamins was higher in the OLVD and exceeded the official recommendations. This study shows that an OLVD with a high nutrient density is adequate to cover the nutritional requirements of endurance-athletes. The intake and absorption of iron should be monitored closely in all diet groups.

Zusammenfassung

Während eines Ausdauerlaufs (1000 km in 20 Tagen) wurde untersucht, ob eine ovo-lakto-vegetarische Kost (OLVD) den Nährstoffbedarf von Ausdauersportlern decken kann. Als Vergleichskost diente eine konventionelle Kostform (RWD). Beide Kostformen wurden mit einem Energiegehalt von 4500 kcal pro Tag und mit einem Nahrungsenergieanteil von Kohlenhydraten:Fett:Protein im Verhältnis von 60:30:10 angeboten. Die Läufer wurden — entsprechend ihrer üblichen Ernährungsgewohnheiten — in zwei Ernährungsgruppen eingeteilt. Die Ergebnisse der 55 Läufer, die das Ziel erreichten, zeigten, da\ sich Läufer aus beiden Gruppen prozentual die gleiche Menge an Nahrungsenergie, Kohlenhydraten, Fett und Protein zuführten. Läufer der ovo-lakto-vegetarischen Gruppe nahmen mehr Ballaststoffe und mehrfach ungesättigte Fettsäuren sowie weniger Cholesterin auf. Mit Ausnahme von Natriumchlorid und Cobalamin war die Aufnahme der berechneten Mineralstoffe und Vitamine in der ovo-lakto-vegetarischen Gruppe höher und überschritten die offiziellen Nährstoffempfehlungen. Diese Studie zeigt, daß eine ovo-lakto-vegetarische Kost mit einer hohen Nährstoffdichte den Nährstoffbedarf eines Ausdauersportlers angemessen decken kann. Die Zufuhr und Resorption von Eisen bedarf bei jeder Kostform einer genauen Überwachung.

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Eisinger, M., Plath, M., Jung, K. et al. Nutrient intake of endurance runners with ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet and regular western diet. Z Ernährungswiss 33, 217–229 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01610787

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Key words

  • Vegetarian diet
  • endurance run
  • nutritional requirement
  • dietary survey

Schlüsselwörter

  • Vegetarische Ernährung
  • Ausdauerlauf
  • Nährstoffbedarf
  • Ernährungserhebung