Skip to main content

Chronic effects of ammonia-stripped oil shale retort water on fishes, birds, and mammals

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. ANDERSON, A.D., N.E. LEBSACK, G.M. DEGRAEVE, D.S. FARRIER, AND H.L. BERGMAN: Bull. Environ. Con. and Toxicol.9(2), 171 (1980).

    Google Scholar 

  2. BLAIR, W.H., KUO-CHING CHEN, AND H.K. BASAVARA: Induction of Squamous Cell neoplasia in rats with a benzo(a)pyrene-ferric oxide, Proc. of the Amer. Assoc. of Cancer,13(Mar), 19 (1973).

    Google Scholar 

  3. DAVIES, R.F., I.R. MAJOR, AND E.R. ABERDEEN: Brit. J. Cancer25(3), 565 (1971).

    Google Scholar 

  4. DEICHMANN, W.B., R. HIROSE, AND S.W. THERUP: Journ. Indust. Hygiene and Toxicol.27(9), 263 (1945).

    Google Scholar 

  5. DE LUSTIG, E.S., AND E.S. MATOS: Experentia27(5), 555 (1971).

    Google Scholar 

  6. DEUEL, C.R., D.C. HASKELL, D.R. BROCKWAY, And O.R. KINGSBÜRY. N.Y. Cons. Dept. Fish. Res. Bull. No. 3, 66p. (1952).

  7. FARRIER, D.S., J.E. VIRGONA, T.E. PHILLIPS, AND R.E. POULSEN: Environmental Research for in situ Oil Shale Processing, Proc. of the 11th Annual Oil Shale Symp., Colo. School of Mines, Golden, CO., (1978).

    Google Scholar 

  8. FERON, V.J.: Cancer Research32(1): 28 (1972)

    Google Scholar 

  9. HEPLER, D.I., A.S. SCHAFER, K.A. LARSON, And D.S. FARRIER: Animal Toxicity Evaluation of anin situ Oil Shale Retort Water, Dept. of Energy, Laramie Energy Technology Center LETC/ RI-79/53 (1979).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Nystrom, R.R., Post, G. Chronic effects of ammonia-stripped oil shale retort water on fishes, birds, and mammals. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 28, 271–276 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01608506

Download citation

Keywords

  • Waste Water
  • Shale
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Chronic Effect